Saturday, October 13, 2012

Some Appendices Of The Book Devilvision







Some Declassified Mind Control Programs


Project CHATTER
instigated by the US Navy late in 1947.
Purpose: truth drugs
The project attempted to identify agents useful during interrogation. The project included (But was not limted to) Anabasis aphylla (an alkaloid), scopolamine and mescaline.
Halted in 1953, most likely due to limited progress and the success of other projects.

Project Bluebird 1951-1953
Drugs, Hypnosis, Isolation
Answer to Soviet Mind Control Programs
Targeting: Individual
Later became project MK-ULTRA

Operation MOCKINGBIRD — CIA recruitment of American news organizations and journalists to accomplish mass mind contyrol via propaganda. Headed by Frank Wisner, Allan Dulles, Richard Helms and Philip Graham. Graham is publisher of The Washington Post, which becomes a major CIA player. Eventually, the CIA’s media assets will include ABC, NBC, CBS, Time, Newsweek, Associated Press, United Press International, Reuters, Hearst Newspapers, Scripps-Howard, Copley News Service and more. By the CIA’s own admission, at least 25 organizations and 400 journalists will become CIA assets.


Operation CHAOS — Operation CHAOS, signed by President Lyndon B. Johnson allowed CIA agents go undercover as student radicals to spy on and disrupt campus organizations protesting the Vietnam War. Supposedly searching for Russian instigators (Never found) CHAOS will eventually spy on 7,000 individuals and 1,000 organizations, utilizing the information for later experiments in domestic mind control and harassment programs.



MK-DELTA 1950-1970s
MKDELTA, like its successor MKNAOMI, was a mind control operation run by the Central Intelligence Agency. It involved the use of biochemicals in clandestine operations.
According to the Church Committee report (Book I, Chapter XVII):
A special procedure, designated MKDELTA, was established to govern the use of MKULTRA materials abroad. Such materials were used on a number of occasions. Because MKULTRA records were destroyed, it is impossible to reconstruct the operational use of MKULTRA materials by the CIA overseas; it has been determined that the use of these materials abroad began in 1953, and possibly as early as 1950. Drugs were used primarily as an aid to interrogations, but MKULTRA/MKDELTA materials were also used for harassment, discrediting, or disabling purposes.


MK-NAOMI 1950-1970s
Unclassified information scarce
joint Department of Defense/CIA
Use of biologicals and/or chemicals to incapacitate or kill
Created to provide the CIA with a covert support base to meet its top-secret operations. The purpose was to establish a robust arsenal within the CIA's Technical Services Division (TSD) and of which was to consist of various lethal and incapacitating materials.
Successor of MK-DELTA




Project Pandora 1960-65
Initiated in response to early Soviet wireless signals
Project PANDORA was to include a number of parallel projects, such as Projects TUMS, MUTS, and BAZAR, involving the CIA, Advanced Research Project Agency (ARPA), the State Department, the Navy and the Army. They were tasked to study the effects of the emitted Soviet microwaves on animals and humans. In April 1976 the Secretary of State Henry Kissinger sent the following telegram to the U.S. Embassy in Moscow which summarized the conclusions of the study of the Moscow signal.


Project QK-Hilltop 1954
Cornell Medical College
Harold Wolff
Psychiatric mind control experiments
based on coercion via drugs, threats, more

Project MK-ULTRA, 1953, CIA:
Drugs, electronics and electroshock
Targeting: Short range
Frequencies: VHF HF UHF modulated at ELF
Transmission and Reception: Local production
Purpose: Programming behavior, creation of "cyborg" mentalities
Effects: narcoleptic trance, programming by suggestion
Subprojects: Many.
Pseudonym: Project Artichoke
Functional Basis: Electronic Dissolution of Memory, E.D.O.M.

Project Sanguine
Ostensibly created by US NAVY to study ELF and create SHELF
(Super Hard ELF)
The Naval Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory in Pensacola, Florida, in the course of their tests carried out in Project SANGUINE, in Clam Lake WI, discovered that exposure to the magnetic field component in the SANGUINE antenna - within ELF field of 45 to 74 Hz. - produced stress identical to gross alcohol consumption. Records released by the U.S. Navy on Project SANGUINE to Dr Armen Victorian . See also Robert Becker, Cross Currents, Jeremy P. Tarcher Inc., Los Angeles, USA, 1990, p. 202

Phoenix Program I II ?
Ongoing
Operation Phoenix.
a classified military, intelligence, and security program designed by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) for use in the Vietnam Conflict. In operation between 1967 and 1972, but similar efforts existed both before and after this. The program was designed to identify and "neutralize" (via infiltration, capture, or assassination) the civilian infrastructure supporting the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam insurgency. Has morphed into gang stalking and mobbing in the United States by deputized operatives of government agencies.

The CIAs Human Resource Exploitation Training Manual – 1983 gives explicit lessons in how to torture people.

--------------------
a list of mind control articles from http://www.angelfire.com/or/mctrl/
------------------------
Wonder Weapons
The Pentagon's Quest for Nonlethal Weapons is Amazing. But is it Smart? A US News and World Report by Douglas Pasternak, 07-07-97.
CNN Interview with Dr. Steven Aftergood
David Mattingly interviews Dr. Steven Aftergood from the Federation of American Scientists.
On the Need for New Criteria of Diagnosis of Psychosis in the Light of Mind Invasive Technology
Carole Smith, Journal of Psycho-Social Studies , Vol 2 (2) No 3 2003 .
Microwaves and Behavior
by Don Justesen, American Psychologist, March 1975, pp. 391-401.
Sensation of Hearing in Electromagnetic Fields
Clyde E. Ingalls, N Y State J Med, 1967 Nov 15;67(22):2992-7.
Human Auditory Response to Pulsed EM Energy
by Allan Frey, J. Appl. Physiol., Vol. 17, No. 4, pp. 689-692 (1962)
Human Perception of Illumination with Pulsed Ultrahigh-Frequency Electromagnetic Energy
by Allan Frey, Science, Vol. 181, 27 July 1973, pp. 356-358.
Physical Control of the Mind
Portions of José Delgado's book - incomplete.
Decoding Minds, Foiling Adversaries
From Oct 2001 Signals Magazine, Sharon Berry
Mechanising the Mind: Brave New World of ESB
Excerpt from As Man becomes Machine, The Evolution of the Cyborg, by David Rorvik, 1973.
Project L.U.C.I.D.
Excerpts from author Texe Marrs book, Project L.U.C.I.D.
Interview with Igor Smirnov
Russian Scientist Tries to Rewire the Brain, a Newsweek article by Dorinda Elliott and John Barry, Aug. 22, 1994.
Interview with John Norseen
Reading Your Mind - And Injecting Smart Thoughts, a U.S. News & World Report by Douglas Pasternak, Jan. 2000.
Thought Control
By Stanley N. Wellborn, a U.S. News & World Report, Dec. 1983.
Amplified Mind Power Research In The Former Soviet Union
By Martin Ebon.
The Invisible Third World War
By W.H. Bowart and Richard Sutton.
Background On The Aviary
From Nexus magazine.
Cybergods
Robert Naeslund, Lennart Lindqvist and Evamarie Taylor.
No Frames
Frames
The Mind Has No Firewall
By Timothy L. Thomas. From Parameters, US Army War College Quartery, Vol. XXVIII, No. 1, Spring 1998.
Nonlethal Weapons: Terms and References
By Robert J. Bunker, USAF.
An Appraisal of the Technologies of Political Control
An Omega Foundation Summary & Options Report For the European Parliament, 6 Jan 1998.
Mind Control & MK_ULTRA
By Richard G. Gall.
Police State of Mind
A Fortean Times article by David Guyatt.
Radio Waves & Life
By Tom Jaski. Electronics magazine, Sept 1960.
New World Order and Psychotronic Tyranny
By C.B. Baker, Youth Action Newsletter, Dec 1994.  "A nation can survive its' fools, and even the ambitious. But it cannot survive treason from within. An enemy at the gates is less formidable, for he is known and he carries his banners openly. But the traitor moves among those within the gate freely, his sly whispers rustling through all the galleys, heard in the very hall of government itself. For the traitor appears not a traitor--He speaks in the accents familiar to his victims, and wears their face and their garment, and he appeals to the baseness that lies deep in the hearts of all men. He rots the soul of a nation--he works secretly and unknown in the night to undermine the pillars of a city--he infects the body politic so that it can no longer resist. A murderer is less to be feared."Cicero, 42 B.C., Roman Statesman, orator, and author.
Maxwell's Silver Hammer
Chapter 15 of Dr. Robert Becker's 1985 book entitled "The Body Electric."
Mind Control and the Secret State
By Daniel Brandt.
The Soviet Art of Brainwashing
A synthesis of the Russian Textbook on Psychopolitics.
US Military Non-Lethal Weapons
By Lyn McCloskey, 11-10-97.
Congress Asleep at the Switch
An article from The Phoenix Letter, Vol. 14, No. 8.
Electromagnetics and the Mind
By Greg Harrison, Oct. 26, 1997.
Psychotronics Weapons Letter to Senate Committee
Julianne McKinney's letter to chairman John Glenn.
Microwave Technology And Its Use Against Humanity
A collection of articles from Orvotron, The Bimonthly Newsletter.
Mind-Control Part 1: Canadian and U.S. Survivors Seek Justice
By Arlene Tyner, from the March-April 2000 issue (Vol. 7 No. 3) issue of Probe Magazine.
CIA: Bastion of Integrity
A Glimpse Into The Heart of the Great Satan?
Star Wars, Star Trek and Killing Politely
By Nick Begich.
Killing Me Softly
By Doc Hambone.
Brain Zapping
By Doc Hambone.
Doc Hambone's Anathema Research website

Electromagnetic Spectrum and Low-Intensity Conflict - Part 1
By Captain Paul E. Tyler, Medical Commandant, U.S. Navy.
Electromagnetic Spectrum and Low-Intensity Conflict - Part 2
By Captain Paul E. Tyler, Medical Commandant, U.S. Navy.
Electromagnetic Spectrum and Low-Intensity Conflict - Part 3
By Captain Paul E. Tyler, Medical Commandant, U.S. Navy.
Mike Coyle's MindNet index
Electromagnetic Warfare
By Leading Edge International Research Group.
Major Electromagnetic Mind Control Projects
By Leading Edge International Research Group.
John St. Clair Akwei vs. NSA, Ft.Meade, MD
Lawsuit against the National Security Agency in Ft. Meade, MD.
Leading Edge International Research Group website
MKULTRA: CIA Mind Control
By Parascope.
Some Aspects of Anti-Personnel Electromagnetic Weapons
A three part series about electromagnetic weapons written by David Guyatt.
-------------------------
Some Patents Possessing Mind Control Aspects and/or Possibilities
-------------------------

United States Patent 5,356,368
Monroe * October 18, 1994
Method of and apparatus for inducing desired states of consciousness

Abstract

Improved methods and apparatus for entraining human brain patterns, employing frequency following response (FFR) techniques, facilitate attainment of desired states of consciousness. In one embodiment, a plurality of electroencephalogram (EEG) waveforms, characteristic of a given state of consciousness, are combined to yield an EEG waveform to which subjects may be susceptible more readily. In another embodiment, sleep patterns are reproduced based on observed brain patterns during portions of a sleep cycle; entrainment principles are applied to induce sleep. In yet another embodiment, entrainment principles are applied in the work environment, to induce and maintain a desired level of consciousness. A portable device also is described.

Inventors: Monroe; Robert A. (Nelson County, VA)
Assignee: Interstate Industries Inc. (Faber, VA)
[*] Notice: The portion of the term of this patent subsequent to May 25, 2010 has been disclaimed.
Appl. No.: 664176
Filed: March 1, 1991

Current U.S. Class: 600/28; 600/545
Intern'l Class: A61M 021/00
Field of Search: 600/26-28 128/731-732
----------------------


BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to an improved method of inducing desired states of consciousness, including different levels of sleep, in human beings, using a technique known as frequency following response (FFR), developed by the present inventor. The invention also relates to apparatus for performing the method. A number of areas of applicability of the invention are described, in accordance with different preferred embodiments.

2. Description of the Background Art

In a prior patent, U.S. Pat. No. 3,884,218, the present inventor described a method of inducing different levels of sleep, using the FFR technique, in which brain waves could be made to follow superimposed frequency patterns. These frequency patterns were provided as sine waves, at frequencies known to correspond to different levels of sleep, such as alpha (exhibiting brain wave activity in the range of 8-12 Hz), theta (6-8 Hz), and delta (1-4 Hz). EEGs exhibiting frequencies between 12 and 30 Hz (known as a beta range) are characteristic of awake individuals, though beta activity at even higher frequencies has been observed in different types of mental activities. Gamma activity has been characterized as all activity above 30 Hz; until recently, it has not been possible to monitor brain activity in the gamma range. (It should be noted that the boundaries between gamma and beta, beta and alpha, alpha and theta, and theta and delta are somewhat arbitrary; the foregoing delineations are intended to be exemplary and not limiting.)

The present inventor discovered that the human brain could be entrained to output brain wave patterns these different frequencies. While frequencies corresponding to these different levels of sleep are not audible, by superimposing those frequencies on some type of sound, such as music, it was determined to be possible to induce desired levels of sleep. The individual listening to the music would "hear" the low frequencies, with the desired effect on brain activity. ...



-------------------------
-------------------------

USP # 5,644,363 (July 1, 1997)
Apparatus for Superimposing Visual Subliminal Instructions on a Video
Signal
Mead, Talbert
Abstract: A subliminal video instructional device comprises circuitry for
receiving an underlying video signal and presenting this signal to
horizontal and vertical synchronization detection circuits, circuitry for
generating a subliminal video message synchronized to the underlying video
signal, and circuitry for adding the subliminal video message to the
underlying video signal to create a combination video signal.

USP # 5,586,967 (December 24, 1996)
Method & Recording for Producing Sounds and Messages to Achieve Alpha &
Theta Brainwave States...
Davis, Mark E.
Abstract: A method and recording for the use in achieving alpha and theta
brainwave states and effecting positive emotional states in humans, is
provided which includes a medium having a musical composition thereon with
an initial tempo decreasing to a final tempo and verbal phrases recorded in
synchrony with the decreasing tempo.

USP # 5,562,597 (October 8, 1996)
Method & Apparatus for Reducing Physiological Stress
Van Dick, Robert C.
Abstract: Physiological stress in a human subject is treated by generating
a weak electromagnetic field about a quartz crystal. The crystal is
stimulated by applying electrical pulses of pulse widths between 0.1 and 50
microseconds each at a pulse repetition rate of between 0.5K and 10K pulses
per second to a conductor positioned adjacent to the quartz crystal thereby
generating a weak electromagnetic field. A subject is positioned within the
weak electromagnetic field for a period of time sufficient to reduce stress
.
USP # 5,551,879 (September 3, 1996)
Dream State Teaching Machine
Raynie, Arthur D.
Abstract ~ A device for enhancing lucidity in the dream state of an
individual. The device includes electronic circuitry incorporated into a
headband for the user to wear while sleeping. The circuitry includes a
detector for fitting adjacent to the eye of the sleeping individual, for
detecting Rapid Eye Movement (REM), which occurs during the dream state. The
detector emits a signal that is evaluated by additional circuitry to
determine whether or not REM sleep is occurring. If REM sleep is occurring,
a signal is generated to operate a recorded, which typically plays
prerecorded messages through the headphones engaging the ear of the sleeping
individual.

USP # 5,539,705 (July 23, 1996)
Ultrasonic Speech Translator and Communication System
M. A. Akerman, M., et al.
Abstract: A wireless communication system, undetectable by radio-frequency
methods, for converting audio signals, including human voice, to electronic
signals in the ultrasonic frequency range, transmitting the ultrasonic
signal by way of acoustic pressure waves across a carrier medium, including
gases, liquids and solids, and reconverting the ultrasonic acoustic pressure
waves back to the original audio signal. This invention was made with
government support under Contract DE-ACO5-840R2l400, awarded by the US
Department of Energy to Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc.

USP # 5,507,291 (April 16, 1996)
Method & Apparatus for Remotely Determining Information as to Person's
Emotional State ~
Stirbl, et al.
Abstract: In a method for remotely determining information relating to a
person's emotional state, an waveform energy having a predetermined
frequency and a predetermined intensity is generated and wirelessly
transmitted towards a remotely located subject. Waveform energy emitted from
the subject is detected and automatically analyzed to derive information
relating to the individual's emotional state. Physiological or physical
parameters of blood pressure, pulse rate, pupil size, respiration rate and
perspiration level are measured and compared with reference values to
provide information utilizable in evaluating interviewee's responses or
possibly criminal intent in security sensitive areas.

USP # 5,522,386 (June 4, 1996)
Apparatus for Determination of the Condition of the Vegetative Part of the
Nervous System
Lerner, Eduard
Abstract: Apparatus for use in the determination of the condition of the
vegetative part of the nervous system and/or of sensory functions of an
organism, i.e. a human being or animal. The apparatus comprises devices for
generating and supplying to said organism at least one sensory stimulus
chosen from a group of sensory stimuli, such as visual, sound, olfactory,
gustatory, tactile or pain stimuli, and devices for measuring the skin
potential and the evoked response of the organism to a stimulus. The
measured data are processed by processing devices for automatically
controlling the supply of at least one stimulus for providing a
non-rhythmical sequence of stimuli. Preferably, pairs of stimuli are
supplied for developing a conditioned reflex.

USP # 5,480,374 (January 2, 1996)
Method and Apparatus for Reducing Physiological Stress
Van Dick, RobertAbstract ~ Physiological stress in a human subject is treated by generating
a weak electromagnetic field about a grounded electrode by the application
of pulses of between 5 and 50 microseconds each at a pulse rate of between
0.5K and 10K pulses per second to a power electrode, the power electrode and
grounded electrode being coupled to high voltage pulse generation means. A
subject is positioned within the weak electromagnetic field for a period of
time sufficient to cause an increase in his or her alpha or theta brain wave
levels.

USP # 5,479,941 (January 2, 1996)
Device for Inducing Altered States of Consciousness
Harner, Michael
Abstract ~ A rotating device for producing altered states of consciousness
in a subject is provided. The subject's body rotates about a point in the
center of the body support means at a speed between about 10 and about 60
revolutions per minute. In a preferred embodiment the direction of rotation
is periodically reversed.

USP # 5,392,788 (February 28, 1995)
Method and Device for Interpreting Concepts and Conceptual Thought...
Hudspeth, William J.
Abstract ~ A system for acquisition and decoding of EP and SP signals is
provided which comprises a transducer for presenting stimuli to a subject,
EEG transducers for recording brainwave signals from the subject, a computer
for controlling and synchronizing stimuli presented to the subject and for
concurrently recording brainwave signals, and either interpreting signals
using a model for conceptual perceptional and emotional thought to
correspond EEG signals to thought of the subject or comparing signals to
normative EEG signals from a normative population to diagnose and locate th
e
origin of brain dysfunctional underlying perception, conception, and
emotion.

USP # 5,356,368 (October 18, 1994)
Method & Apparatus for Inducing Desired States of Consciousness
Monroe, Robert E.
Abstract: Improved methods and apparatus for entraining human brain
patterns, employing frequency following response (FFR) techniques,
facilitate attainment of desired states of consciousness. In one embodiment,
a plurality of electroencephalogram (EEG) waveforms, characteristic of a
given state of consciousness, are combined to yield an EEG waveform to which
subjects may be susceptible more readily. In another embodiment, sleep
patterns are reproduced based on observed brain patterns during portions of
a sleep cycle; entrainment principles are applied to induce sleep. In yet
another embodiment, entrainment principles are applied in the work
environment, to induce and maintain a desired level of consciousness. A
portable device also is described.

USP # 5,352,181 (October 4, 1994)
Method & Recording for Producing Sounds and Messages...
Davis, Mark E.
Abstract: A method and recording for use in achieving Alpha and Theta brain
wave states and effecting positive emotional states in humans to enhance
learning and self-improvement, is provided which includes a medium having a
musical composition recorded thereon with an initial tempo decreasing to a
final tempo and verbal phrases, comprising between approximately 4 and
approximately 8 words, recorded in synchrony with the decreasing initial
tempo.

USP # 5,330,414 (July 19, 1994)
Brain Wave Inducing Apparatus
Yasushi, Mitsuo
Abstract: A random signal generator outputs a random noise signal to a band
pass filter which selectively passes frequency components in the frequency
range of a desired brain wave from a subject. The output of the band pass
filter is supplied to an automatic level controller. The automatic level
controller sets the output of band pass filter to a predetermined amplitude.
Then, the output of the automatic level controller is fed to a stimulating
light generator, which converts the output of the automatic level controller
into a light signal for stimulating the subject in order to induce the
desired brain wave from the subject. The light signal is then emitted into
the subject's eyes.


USP # 5,289,438 (February 22, 1994)
Method & System for Altering Consciousness
Gall, James
Abstract: A system for altering the states of human consciousness involves
the simultaneous application of multiple stimuli, preferable sounds, having
differing frequencies and wave forms. The relationship between the
frequencies of the several stimuli is exhibited by the equation g 3D
2.sup.n/4 .multidot.f where: f 3D frequency of one stimulus; g 3D frequency o
f
the other stimuli or stimulus; and n 3D a positive or negative integer which
is different for each other stimulus.
USP # 5,245,666 (September 14, 1993)
Personal Subliminal Messaging System
Mikell, Bruce T.
Abstract ~ A personal subliminal messaging system includes a wide range
linear subliminal modulator (43), a digital audio recording or play device
(46), a microphone (51) to pick up the sound at the ear, and an earpiece
(50) to deliver the subliminal message. The sound level at the user's ear i
s
detected and measured. After risetime and decay conditioning of the varying
dc control signal, the wide range linear modulator (43) uses this signal to
control the level of the message to the earpiece (50). The user adjusts the
system for a liminal of a subliminal level. The psychoacoustic phenomena of
Post Masking is used to increase the integrity of the message in subliminal
messaging systems.
USP # 5,270,800 (December 14, 1993)
Subliminal Message Generator
Sweet. Robert L.
Abstract: A combined subliminal and supraliminal message generator for use
with a television receiver permits complete control of subliminal messages
and their manner of presentation. A video synchronization detector enables
a
video display generator to generate a video message signal corresponding to
a received alphanumeric text message in synchronism with a received
television signal. A video mixer selects either the received video signal o
r
the video message signal for output. The messages produced by the video
message generator are user selectable via a keyboard input. A message memor
y
stores a plurality of alphanumeric text messages specified by user commands
for use as subliminal messages. This message memory preferably includes a
read only memory storing predetermined sets of alphanumeric text messages
directed to differing topics. The sets of predetermined alphanumeric text
messages preferably include several positive affirmations directed to the
left brain and an equal nu
mber of positive affirmations directed to the right brain that are
alternately presented subliminally. The left brain messages are presented i
n
a linear text mode, while the right brain messages are presented in a three
dimensional perspective mode. The user can control the length and spacing o
f
the subliminal presentations to accommodate differing conscious thresholds.
Alternative embodiments include a combined cable television converter and
subliminal message generator, a combine television receiver and subliminal
message generator and a computer capable of presenting subliminal messages.
USP # 5,224,864 (July 6, 1993)
Method of Recording and Reproducing Subliminal Signals that are 180 Degree
s
Out of Phase
Woith, Blake F.
Abstract ~ A subliminal recording includes both subliminal message and mas
k
signals applied to both tracks of a two track recording medium. The
subliminal message signals are identical in content, and are recorded in an
out-of-phase relationship. The mask signals are recorded in phase. The
resulting recording may be utilized in the conventional manner for
subliminal recordings. By combining the composite signals in an inverted
relationship, the mask signals cancel while the subliminal message signals
are additive, thus allowing the presence of the subliminal message signal t
o
be confirmed on the recording.
USP # 5,221,962 (June 22, 1993)
Subliminal Device having Manual Adjustment of Perception Level of
Subliminal Messages
Backus, Alan L., et al.
Abstract: A method and apparatus for presenting subliminal visual and/or
audio messages which allows user verification of message content and
presence, as well as proper adjustment of message obviousness while
accounting for ambient conditions and user sensitivities is disclosed. This
method and apparatus also presents synchronized reinforced sensory input of
subliminal messages. This is performed by simultaneously overlaying images
received from a VCR over a plurality of television signals. This apparatus
directs overlay images over RF television signals having both audio and
video components
USP # 5,215,468 (June 1, 1993)
Method and Apparatus for Introducing Subliminal Changes to Audio Stimuli
Lauffer, Martha A., et al.
Abstract ~ A method and apparatus for introducing gradual changes to an
audio signal so that the changes are subliminal. The changes can involve
tempo and volume, for example, and can take the form of a gentle gradient
having ever increasing/decreasing ramp-like changes over a sufficient
duration, or a more complex program involving several gentle gradients. In
the preferred embodiment, an enhanced audio play-back device such as a
portable audio cassette recorder can be programmed to subliminally alter th
e
characteristics of a standard pre-recorded tape containing music, for
example. As a motivational tool during walking, jogging or other repetitive
exercise, the tempo is gradually increased over a period of time to
encourage a corresponding gradual (and subliminal) increase in physical
exertion by a user whose rate of movement is proportional to the tempo of
the music. The tempo can be either manually changed in conjunction with a
subliminal program, or by itself in an override m
ode, or by itself in a version of the present-inventive audio play-back
device which allows only manual tempo alternation. In an alternate
embodiment, a special pre-recorded tape contains subliminal changes in
tempo, for example, for play-back on a standard audio cassette recorder
(which operates at one speed, only) to cause the same effect as the
preferred embodiment.
USP # 5,213,562 (May 25, 1993)
Method of Inducing Mental, Emotional and Physical States of
Consciousness...
Monroe, Robert A.
Abstract: A method having applicability in replication of desired
consciousness states; in the training of an individual to replicate such a
state of consciousness without further audio stimulation; and in the
transferring of such states from one human being to another through the
imposition of one individual's EEG, superimposed on desired stereo signals,
on another individual, by inducement of a binaural beat phenomenon.
USP # 5,194,008 (March 16, 1993)
Subliminal Image Modulation Projection and Detection System and Method
Mohan, William L., et al.
Abstract ~ Weapon training simulation system including a computer operated
video display scene whereon is projected a plurality of visual targets. The
computer controls the display scene and the targets, whether stationary or
moving, and processes data of a point of aim sensor apparatus associated
with a weapon operated by a trainee. The sensor apparatus is sensitive to
non-visible or subliminal modulated areas having a controlled contrast of
brightness between the target scene and the targets. The sensor apparatus
locates a specific subliminal modulated area and the computer determines th
e
location of a target image on the display scene with respect to the sensor
apparatus
USP # 5,175,571 (December 29, 1992)
Glasses with Subliminal Message
Tanefsky, Faye, et al.
Abstract ~ A pair of subliminal imaging spectacles is provided with a
matched pair of visual subliminal images designed and placed so as to merge
into one image due to the stereoscopic effect of human vision and thus to
impart a subliminal message to the wearer.
USP # 5,170,381 (December 8, 1992)
Method for Mixing Audio Subliminal Recordings
Taylor, Eldon, et al.
Abstract ~ Audio subliminal recordings are made in which in addition to
using a primary carrier, such as music, two audio channels are used to
deliver subliminal messages to the brain. On one channel, accessing the lef
t
brain hemisphere, the message delivered is meaningfully spoken,
forward-masked, permissive affirmations delivered in a round-robin manner b
y
a male voice, a female voice and a child's voice. On the other channel,
accessing the right brain, directive messages, in the same voices, are
recorded in backward-masked (or meta-contrast). The three voices are
recording in round-robin fashion with full echo reverberation. The audio
tracks are mixed using a special processor which converts sound frequencies
to electrical impulses and tracks the subliminal message to synchronize the
subliminal message in stereo with the primary carrier. The processor
maintains constant gain differential between the primary carrier and the
subliminal verbiage and, with the subliminal verbiage b
eing recorded with round-robin, full echo reverberation, ensures that none
of a message is lost. The primary carrier should be continuous music withou
t
breaks or great differences in movements.
USP # 5,159,703 (October 27, 1992)
Silent Subliminal Presentation System
Lowery, Oliver
Abstract: A silent communications system in which nonaural carriers, in th
e
very low or very high audio frequency range or in the adjacent ultrasonic
frequency spectrum, are amplitude or frequency modulated with the desired
intelligence and propagated acoustically or vibrationally, for inducement
into the brain, typically through the use of loudspeakers, earphones or
piezoelectric transducers.
USP # 5,151,080 (September 29, 1992)
Method & Apparatus for Inducing & Establishing a Changed State of
Consciousness
Bick, Claus
Abstract: An electroacoustic device includes a sound generator as well as
a
system for producing synthetic human speech, connected to a modulation stag
e
for superimposing the output signals thereof. The superimposed output
signals are applied via an amplifier stage to one of a headphone system or
loudspeaker system.
USP # 5,135,468 (August 4, 1992)
Method & Apparatus of Varying the Brain State of a Person by Means of an
Audio Signal
Meissner, Juergen P.
Abstract: A method of varying the brain state of a person includes the
steps of supplying the first audio signal to one ear of the person,
supplying a second audio signal to the other ear of the person, and
substantially continuously varying the frequency of at least one of the
first and second audio signals to vary the brain state of the person.
USP # 5,134,484 (July 28, 1992)
Superimposing Method & Apparatus Useful for Subliminal Messages
Willson, Joseph
Abstract: Data to be displayed is combined with a composite video signal.
The data is stored in a memory in digital form. Each byte of the data is
read out in sequential fashion to determine: the recurrence display rate of
the data according to the frame sync pulses of the video signal; the
location of the data within the video image according to the line sync
pulses of the video signal; and the location of the data display within the
video image according to the position information. Synchronization of the
data with the video image is derived from the sync pulses of the composite
video signal. A similar technique is employed to combine sound data with an
audio signal. Data to be displayed may be presented as a subliminal message
or may persist for a given time interval. The data may be derived from a
variety of sources including a prerecorded or live video signal. The messag
e
may be a reminder message displayed upon a television screen to remind the
viewer of an appointment. The
data may be stored in a variety of different memory devices capable of high
speed data retrieval. The data may be generated locally on-line or off-line
and transferred to memory which stores the data necessary to create the
message.
USP # 5,128,765 (July 7, 1992)
System for Implementing the Synchronized Superimposition of Subliminal
Signals
Dingwall, Robert
Abstract ~ An apparatus and system for the controlled delivery of a
subliminal video and/or audio message on to a source signal from a video
tape player or similar. The source signal is divided into audio and video
portions. A video processor reads sychronization information from the sourc
e
signal. A controller transmits a stored subliminal image at designated time
s
to a mixer amplifier fully synchronized with the source signal.
Concurrently, an audio subliminal message is applied to the source audio at
a volume level regulated at some fraction to the source audio. The combined
signals are transmitted to a monitor for undistracted viewing.
USP # 5,123,899 (June 23, 1992)
Method & System for Altering Consciousness
Gall, James
Abstract: A system for altering the states of human consciousness involves
the simultaneous application of multiple stimuli, preferable sounds, having
differing frequencies and wave forms. The relationship between the
frequencies of the several stimuli is exhibited by the equation g 3D
s.sup.n/4 .multidot.f where: f 3D frequency of one stimulus; g 3D frequency o
f
the other stimuli of stimulus; and n3Da positive or negative integer which i
s
different for each other stimulus.
USP # 5,052,401 (October 1, 1991)
Sherwin, Gary
Product Detector for a Steady Visual Evoked Potential Stimulator and
Product Detector
Abstract ~ An automated visual testing system is disclosed which presents
an alternating steady state visual stimulus to a patient through an optical
system that modifies the stimulus image. As the image changes, the patient
produces evoked potentials that change. The evoked potentials are detected
by a product detector which produces the amplitude of the evoked potentials
.
The product detector includes filters which isolate the patient's evoked
potentials, a modulator which detects the response using the stimulus sourc
e
frequency and a demodulator that determines the amplitude of the response.
The product detector detects the level of the steady state evoked potential
signals even in the presence of substantial background noise and extraneous
electroencephalograhic signals. These detectors can be used to monitor the
evoked potential produced by visual, aural or somatic steady state stimuli.
The components described above can be used to produce a system that can
determine to which
of several different displays an observer is paying attention by providing
images that blink at different frequencies and product detectors for each o
f
the stimulus frequencies. The product detector producing the highest output
indicates the display upon which the observer is focused.
USP # 5,047,994 (September 10, 1991)
Supersonic Bone Conduction Hearing Aid and Method
Lenhardt, Martin, et al.
Abstract ~ A supersonic bone conduction hearing aid that receives
conventional audiometric frequencies and converts them to supersonic
frequencies for connection to the human sensory system by vibration bone
conduction. The hearing is believed to use channels of communications to th
e
brain that are not normally used for hearing. These alternative channels do
not deteriorate significantly with age as does the normal hearing channels.
The supersonic bone conduction frequencies are discerned as frequencies in
the audiometric range of frequencies.
USP # 5,036,858 (August 6, 1991)
Method & Apparatus for Changing Brain Wave Frequency
Carter, John L., et al.
Abstract: A method for changing brain wave frequency to a desired frequenc
y
determines a current brain wave frequency of a user, generates two
frequencies with a frequency difference of a magnitude between that of the
current actual brain wave frequency and the desired frequency but always
within a predetermined range of the current actual brain wave frequency, an
d
produces an output to the user corresponding to the two frequencies. One
apparatus to accomplish the method has a computer processor, a computer
memory, EEG electrodes along with an amplifier, a programmable timing
generator responsive to the computer processor for generating the two
frequencies, audio amplifiers and a beat frequency generator driving a
visual frequency amplifier.

------------------

  ( 1 of 1 )

United States Patent 5,213,562
Monroe May 25, 1993
Method of inducing mental, emotional and physical states of consciousness, including specific mental activity, in human beings

Abstract

A method having applicability in replication of desired consciousness states; in the training of an individual to replicate such a state of consciousness without further audio stimulation; and in the transferring of such states from one human being to another through the imposition of one individual's EEG, superimposed on desired stereo signals, on another individual, by inducement of a binaural beat phenomenon.

Inventors: Monroe; Robert A. (Nelson County, VA)
Assignee: Interstate Industries Inc. (Faber, VA)
Appl. No.: 514460
Filed: April 25, 1990




Current U.S. Class: 600/28; 600/545
Intern'l Class: A61M 021/00
Field of Search: 600/26-28 128/731-732,905


-------------

Some US Patents: Subliminal Suggestion & Mind Control

100 US Patent Abstracts:
USP # 6,506,148 (January 14, 2003)
Nervous System Manipulation by EM Fields from Monitors
Loos, Hendricus
Abstract: Physiological effects have been observed in a human subject in
response to stimulation of the skin with weak electromagnetic fields that
are pulsed with certain frequencies near 1/2 Hz or 2.4 Hz, such as to excit
e
a sensory resonance. Many computer monitors and TV tubes, when displaying
pulsed images, emit pulsed electromagnetic fields of sufficient amplitudes
to cause such excitation. It is therefore possible to manipulate the nervou
s
system of a subject by pulsing images displayed on a nearby computer monito
r
or TV set. For the latter, the image pulsing may be imbedded in the program
material, or it may be overlaid by modulating a video stream, either as an
RF signal or as a video signal. The image displayed on a computer monitor
may be pulsed effectively by a simple computer program. For certain
monitors, pulsed electromagnetic fields capable of exciting sensory
resonances in nearby subjects may be generated even as the displayed images
are pulsed with subliminal inte
nsity.
USP # 6,488,617 (December 3, 2002)
Method and Device for Producing a Desired Brain State
Katz, Bruce
Abstract ~ A method and device for the production of a desired brain state
in an individual contain means for monitoring and analyzing the brain state
while a set of one or more magnets produce fields that alter this state. A
computational system alters various parameters of the magnetic fields in
order to close the gap between the actual and desired brain state. This
feedback process operates continuously until the gap is minimized and/or
removed.
USP # 6,487,531 (November 26, 2002)
Signal Injection Coupling into the Human Vocal Tract...
Tosaya, Carol
Abstract ~ A means and method are provided for enhancing or replacing the
natural excitation of the human vocal tract by artificial excitation means,
wherein the artificially created acoustics present additional spectral,
temporal, or phase data useful for (1) enhancing the machine recognition
robustness of audible speech or (2) enabling more robust machine-recognitio
n
of relatively inaudible mouthed or whispered speech. The artificial
excitation (a) may be arranged to be audible or inaudible, (b) may be
designed to be non-interfering with another user's similar means, (c) may b
e
used in one or both of a vocal content-enhancement mode or a complimentary
vocal tract-probing mode, and/or (d) may be used for the recognition of
audible or inaudible continuous speech or isolated spoken commands.
USP # 6,430,443 (August 6, 2002)
Method and Apparatus for Treating Auditory Hallucinations
Karell, Manuel
Abstract ~ Stimulating one or more vestibulocochlear nerves or cochlea or
cochlear regions will treat, prevent and control auditory hallucinations.
USP # 6,426,919 (July 30, 2002)
Portable and Hand-Held Device for Making Humanly Audible Sounds...
Gerosa, William
Abstract ~ A portable and hand-held device for making humanly audible
sounds responsive to the detecting of ultrasonic sounds. The device include
s
a hand-held housing and circuitry that is contained in the housing. The
circuitry includes a microphone that receives the ultrasonic sound, a first
low voltage audio power amplifier that strengthens the signal from the
microphone, a second low voltage audio power amplifier that further
strengthens the signal from the first low voltage audio power amplifier, a
7-stage ripple carry binary counter that lowers the frequency of the signal
from the second low voltage audio power amplifier so as to be humanly
audible, a third low voltage audio power amplifier that strengthens the
signal from the 7-stage ripple carry binary counter, and a speaker that
generates a humanly audible sound from the third low voltage audio power
amplifier.
USP # 6,292,688 (September 18, 2001)
Method and Apparatus for Analyzing Neurological Response to
Emotion-Inducing Stimuli
Patton, Richard
Abstract ~ A method of determining the extent of the emotional response of
a test subject to stimului having a time-varying visual content, for
example, an advertising presentation. The test subject is positioned to
observe the presentation for a given duration, and a path of communication
is established between the subject and a brain wave detector/analyzer. The
intensity component of each of at least two different brain wave frequencie
s
is measured during the exposure, and each frequency is associated with a
particular emotion. While the subject views the presentation, periodic
variations in the intensity component of the brain waves of each of the
particular frequencies selected is measured. The change rates in the
intensity at regular periods during the duration are also measured. The
intensity change rates are then used to construct a graph of plural
coordinate points, and these coordinate points graphically establish the
composite emotional reaction of the subject as the pre
sentation continues.
USP # 6,258,022 (July 10,2001)
Behavior Modification
Rose, John
Abstract ~ Behavior modification of a human subject takes place under
hypnosis, when the subject is in a relaxed state. A machine plays back a
video or audio recording, during which the subject is instructed to activat
e
a device to create a perceptible stimulation which is linked, through the
hypnosis, with a visualization of enhanced or improved performance. After
the hypnosis, the user can reactivate the device at will, whenever the
improved performance, such as an improved sporting performance, is desired.
This will again create the perceptible stimulation and thus induce the
required visualization.
USP # 6,239,705 (May 29,2001)
Intra-Oral Electronic Tracking Device
Glen, Jeffrey
Abstract ~ An improved stealthy, non-surgical, biocompatable electronic
tracking device is provided in which a housing is placed intraorally. The
housing contains microcircuitry. The microcircuitry comprises a receiver, a
passive mode to active mode activator, a signal decoder for determining
positional fix, a transmitter, an antenna, and a power supply. Optionally,
an amplifier may be utilized to boost signal strength. The power supply
energizes the receiver. Upon receiving a coded activating signal, the
positional fix signal decoder is energized, determining a positional fix.
The transmitter subsequently transmits through the antenna a position
locating signal to be received by a remote locator. In another embodiment o
f
the present invention, the microcircuitry comprises a receiver, a passive
mode to active mode activator, a transmitter, an antenna and a power supply
.
Optionally, an amplifier may be utilized to boost signal strength. The powe
r
supply energizes the receiver. Upon
receiving a coded activating signal, the transmitter is energized. The
transmitter subsequently transmits through the antenna a homing signal to b
e
received by a remote locator.
USP # 6,167,304 (December 26, 2000)
Pulse Variability in Electric Field Manipulation of Nervous Systems
Loos, Hendricus
Abstract ~ Apparatus and method for manipulating the nervous system of a
subject by applying to the skin a pulsing external electric field which,
although too weak to cause classical nerve stimulation, modulates the norma
l
spontaneous spiking patterns of certain kinds of afferent nerves. For
certain pulse frequencies the electric field stimulation can excite in the
nervous system resonances with observable physiological consequences. Pulse
variability is introduced for the purpose of thwarting habituation of the
nervous system to the repetitive stimulation, or to alleviate the need for
precise tuning to a resonance frequency, or to control pathological
oscillatory neural activities such as tremors or seizures. Pulse generators
with stochastic and deterministic pulse variability are disclosed, and the
output of an effective generator of the latter type is characterized.
USP # 6,135,944 (October 24, 2000)
Method of Inducing Harmonious States of Being
Bowman, Gerard D., et al.
Abstract: A method of inducing harmonious states of being using vibrationa
l
stimuli, preferably sound, comprised of a multitude of frequencies
expressing a specific pattern of relationship. Two base signals are
modulated by a set of ratios to generate a plurality of harmonics. The
harmonics are combined to form a "fractal" arrangement.
USP # 6,122,322 (September 19, 2000)
Subliminal Message Protection
Jandel, Magnus
Abstract ~ The present invention relates to a method and to a system for
detecting a first context change between two frames. When a second context
change between a further two frames occurs within a predetermined time
interval, the frames accommodated within the two context changes are define
d
as a subliminal message. An alarm is sent to an observer upon detection of
a
subliminal message.
USP # 6,091,994 (July 18, 2000)
Pulsative Manipulation of Nervous Systems
Loos, Hendricus
Abstract ~ Method and apparatus for manipulating the nervous system by
imparting subliminal pulsative cooling to the subject's skin at a frequency
that is suitable for the excitation of a sensory resonance. At present, two
major sensory resonances are known, with frequencies near 1/2 Hz and 2.4 Hz
.
The 1/2 Hz sensory resonance causes relaxation, sleepiness, ptosis of the
eyelids, a tonic smile, a "knot" in the stomach, or sexual excitement,
depending on the precise frequency used. The 2.4 Hz resonance causes the
slowing of certain cortical activities, and is characterized by a large
increase of the time needed to silently count backward from 100 to 60, with
the eyes closed. The invention can be used by the general public for
inducing relaxation, sleep, or sexual excitement, and clinically for the
control and perhaps a treatment of tremors, seizures, and autonomic system
disorders such as panic attacks. Embodiments shown are a pulsed fan to
impart subliminal cooling pulses to the s
ubject's skin, and a silent device which induces periodically varying flow
past the subject's skin, the flow being induced by pulsative rising warm ai
r
plumes that are caused by a thin resistive wire which is periodically heate
d
by electric current pulses.
USP # 6,081,744 (June 27, 2000)
Electric Fringe Field Generator for Manipulating Nervous Systems
Loos, Hendricus
Abstract ~ Apparatus and method for manipulating the nervous system of a
subject through afferent nerves, modulated by externally applied weak
fluctuating electric fields, tuned to certain frequencies such as to excite
a resonance in neural circuits. Depending on the frequency chosen,
excitation of such resonances causes in a human subject relaxation,
sleepiness, sexual excitement, or the slowing of certain cortical processes
.
The electric field used for stimulation of the subject is induced by a pair
of field electrodes charged to opposite polarity and placed such that the
subject is entirely outside the space between the field electrodes. Such
configuration allows for very compact devices where the field electrodes an
d
a battery-powered voltage generator are contained in a small casing, such a
s
a powder box. The stimulation by the weak external electric field relies on
frequency modulation of spontaneous spiking patterns of afferent nerves. Th
e
method and apparatus can be used b
y the general public as an aid to relaxation, sleep, or arousal, and
clinically for the control and perhaps the treatment of tremors and
seizures, and disorders of the autonomic nervous system, such as panic
attacks.
USP # 6,052,336 (April 18, 2000)
Apparatus and Method of Broadcasting Audible Sound Using Ultrasonic Sound
as a Carrier
Lowrey, Austin, III
Abstract ~ An ultrasonic sound source broadcasts an ultrasonic signal whic
h
is amplitude and/or frequency modulated with an information input signal
originating from an information input source. If the signals are amplitude
modulated, a square root function of the information input signal is
produced prior to modulation. The modulated signal, which may be amplified,
is then broadcast via a projector unit, whereupon an individual or group of
individuals located in the broadcast region detect the audible sound.
USP # 6,039,688 (March 21, 2000)
Therapeutic Behavior Modification Program, Compliance Monitoring and
Feedback System
Douglas, Peter, et al.
Abstract ~ A therapeutic behavior modification program, compliance
monitoring and feedback system includes a server-based relational database
and one or more microprocessors electronically coupled to the server. The
system enables development of a therapeutic behavior modification program
having a series of milestones for an individual to achieve lifestyle change
s
necessary to maintain his or her health or recover from ailments or medical
procedures. The program may be modified by a physician or trained case
advisor prior to implementation. The system monitors the individual's
compliance with the program by prompting the individual to enter
health-related data, correlating the individual's entered data with the
milestones in the behavior modification program and generating compliance
data indicative of the individual's progress toward achievement of the
program milestones. The system also includes an integrated system of
graphical system interfaces for motivating the individual to
comply with the program. Through the interfaces, the individual can access
the database to review the compliance data and obtain health information
from a remote source such as selected sites on the Internet. The system als
o
provides an electronic calendar integrated with the behavior modification
program for signaling the individual to take action pursuant to the behavio
r
modification program in which the calendar accesses the relational database
and integrates requirements of the program with the individual's daily
schedule, and an electronic journal for enabling the individual to enter
personal health-related information into the system on a regular basis. In
addition, the system includes an electronic meeting room for linking the
individual to a plurality of other individuals having related behavior
modification programs for facilitating group peer support sessions for
compliance with the program. The system enables motivational media
presentations to be made to the individual
s in the electronic meeting room as part of the group support session to
facilitate interactive group discussion about the presentations. The entire
system is designed around a community of support motif including a graphica
l
electronic navigator operable by the individual to control the
microprocessor for accessing different parts of the system.
USP # 6,017,302 (January 25, 2000)
Subliminal Acoustic Manipulation of Nervous Systems
Loos, Hendricus
Abstract ~ In human subjects, sensory resonances can be excited by
subliminal atmospheric acoustic pulses that are tuned to the resonance
frequency. The 1/2 Hz sensory resonance affects the autonomic nervous syste
m
and may cause relaxation, drowsiness, or sexual excitement, depending on th
e
precise acoustic frequency near 1/2 Hz used. The effects of the 2.5 Hz
resonance include slowing of certain cortical processes, sleepiness, and
disorientation. For these effects to occur, the acoustic intensity must lie
in a certain deeply subliminal range. Suitable apparatus consists of a
portable battery-powered source of weak subaudio acoustic radiation. The
method and apparatus can be used by the general public as an aid to
relaxation, sleep, or sexual arousal, and clinically for the control and
perhaps treatment of insomnia, tremors, epileptic seizures, and anxiety
disorders. There is further application as a nonlethal weapon that can be
used in law enforcement standoff situations, for cau
sing drowsiness and disorientation in targeted subjects. It is then
preferable to use venting acoustic monopoles in the form of a device that
inhales and exhales air with subaudio frequency.
USP # 6,011,991 (January 4, 2000)
Communication System & Method Including Brain Wave Analysis...
Mardirossian, Aris
Abstract: A system and method for enabling human beings to communicate by
way of their monitored brain activity. The brain activity of an individual
is monitored and transmitted to a remote location (e.g. by satellite). At
the remote location, the monitored brain activity is compared with
pre-recorded normalized brain activity curves, waveforms, or patterns to
determine if a match or substantial match is found. If such a match is
found, then the computer at the remote location determines that the
individual was attempting to communicate the word, phrase, or thought
corresponding to the matched stored normalized signal.
USP # 6,006,188 (December 21, 1999)
Speech Signal Processing for Determining Psychological or Physiological
Characteristics...
Bogdashevsky, Rostislav, et al.
Abstract ~ A speech-based system for assessing the psychological,
physiological, or other characteristics of a test subject is described. The
system includes a knowledge base that stores one or more speech models,
where each speech model corresponds to a characteristic of a group of
reference subjects. Signal processing circuitry, which may be implemented i
n
hardware, software and/or firmware, compares the test speech parameters of
a
test subject with the speech models. In one embodiment, each speech model i
s
represented by a statistical time-ordered series of frequency
representations of the speech of the reference subjects. The speech model i
s
independent of a priori knowledge of style parameters associated with the
voice or speech. The system includes speech parameterization circuitry for
generating the test parameters in response to the test subject's speech.
This circuitry includes speech acquisition circuitry, which may be located
remotely from the knowledge base. The system
further includes output circuitry for outputting at least one indicator of
a characteristic in response to the comparison performed by the signal
processing circuitry. The characteristic may be time-varying, in which case
the output circuitry outputs the characteristic in a time-varying manner.
The output circuitry also may output a ranking of each output
characteristic. In one embodiment, one or more characteristics may indicate
the degree of sincerity of the test subject, where the degree of sincerity
may vary with time. The system may also be employed to determine the
effectiveness of treatment for a psychological or physiological disorder by
comparing psychological or physiological characteristics, respectively,
before and after treatment.
USP # 5,954,630 (September 21, 1999)
FM Theta-Inducing Audible Sound...
Masaki, Kazumi, et al.
Abstract ~ An audible sound of modulated wave where a very low-frequency
wave of about 20 hertz or lower is superposed on an audio low-frequency wav
e
effectively stimulates Fm theta in human brain waves to improve attention
and concentration during mental tasks when auditorily administered. The
audible sound is also effective in stimulation of human alpha wave when the
very low-frequency wave lies within the range of about 2-10 hertz. Such
audible sound is artificially obtainable by generating an electric signal
which contains such a modulated wave, and transducing it into audible sound
wave.
USP # 5,954,629 (September 21, 1999)
Brain Wave Inducing System
Yanagidaira, Masatoshi, et al.
Abstract ~ Sensors are provided for detecting brain waves of a user, and a
band-pass filter is provided for extracting a particular brain waves
including an .alpha. wave included in a detected brain wave. The band-pass
filter comprises a first band-pass filter having a narrow pass band, and a
second band-pass filter having a wide pass band. One of the first and secon
d
band-pass filters is selected, and a stimulation signal is produced in
dependency on an .alpha. wave extracted by a selected band-pass filter. In
accordance with the stimulation signal, a stimulation light is emitted to
the user in order to induce the user to relax or sleeping state.
USP # 5,935,054 (August 10, 1999)
Magnetic Excitation of Sensory Resonances
Loos, H.
Abstract:The invention pertains to influencing the nervous system of a
subject by a weak externally applied magnetic field with a frequency near
1/2 Hz. In a range of amplitudes, such fields can excite the 1/2 sensory
resonance, which is the physiological effect involved in "rocking the baby"
.
USP # 5,922,016 (July 13, 1999)
Apparatus for Electric Stimulation of Auditory Nerves of a Human Being
Wagner, Hermann
Abstract ~ Apparatus for electric stimulation and diagnostics of auditory
nerves of a human being, e.g. for determination of sensation level (SL),
most conformable level (MCL) and uncomfortable level (UCL) audibility
curves, includes a stimulator detachably secured to a human being for
sending a signal into a human ear, and an electrode placed within the human
ear and electrically connected to the stimulator by an electric conductor
for conducting the signals from the stimulator into the ear. A control unit
is operatively connected to the stimulator for instructing the stimulator a
s
to characteristics of the generated signals being transmitted to the ear.
USP # 5,868,103 (February 9, 1999)
Method and Apparatus for Controlling an Animal
Boyd, Randal
Abstract ~ An apparatus for controlling an animal wherein the animal
receives a control stimulus of the release of a substance having an adverse
effect upon the animal as a corrective measure. The apparatus includes a
transmitter for producing a transmitted field, and a releasable collar for
attaching to the neck of the animal. The collar includes a receiver for
receiving the transmitted field and for producing a received signal, a
control circuit for determining when the received signal indicates that the
animal requires a corrective measure and for producing a control signal, a
container for containing the substance having an adverse effect upon the
animal, and a mechanism for releasing the substance from the container into
the presence of the animal upon the production of the control signal by the
control circuit. In use, the transmitter is set to produce the transmitted
field and the collar is attached to the neck of the animal. As the animal
moves about, the receiver in the c
ollar receives the transmitted field and produces a received signal. The
control circuit determines when the received signal indicates that the
animal requires a corrective measure. A control signal is produced by the
control circuit when the determination is made that the animal requires a
corrective measure. Upon the production of the control signal, the substanc
e
having an adverse effect upon the animal is released from the container and
into the presence of the animal.
USP # 5,784,124 (July 21, 1998)
Supraliminal Method of Education...
D'Alitalia, Joseph A., et al.
Abstract: A method of behavior modification involves having a patient view
supraliminal video messages superimposed upon an underlying video
presentation. The video messages incorporate messages wherein at least some
of the messages link a desired modified behavior to positive feelings of th
e
patient. A supraliminal message generator and superimposer iteratively
selects individual messages for display from the sequence of messages,
decompressing the messages as required, and places the selected messages in
a buffer memory of a video generation device. A processor of the
supraliminal message generator and superimposer then fades the selected
message from an invisible level to a visible level on the video display, an
d
then fades the selected message from the visible level back to the invisibl
e
level.
USP # 5,649,061 (July 15, 1997)
Device and Method for Estimating a Mental Decision
Smyth, Christopher
Abstract ~ A device and method for estimating a mental decision to select
a
visual cue from the viewer's eye fixation and corresponding single event
evoked cerebral potential. The device comprises an eyetracker, an electroni
c
biosignal processor and a digital computer. The eyetracker determines the
instantaneous viewing direction from oculometric measurements and a head
position and orientation sensor. The electronic processor continually
estimates the cerebral electroencephalogramic potential from scalp surface
measurements following corrections for electrooculogramic, electromyogramic
and electrocardiogramic artifacts. The digital computer analyzes the viewin
g
direction data for a fixation and then extracts the corresponding single
event evoked cerebral potential. The fixation properties, such as duration,
start and end pupil sizes, end state (saccade or blink) and gaze fixation
count, and the parametric representation of the evoked potential are all
inputs to an artificial neur
al network for outputting an estimate of the selection interest in the gaze
point of regard. The artificial neural network is trained off-line prior to
application to represent the mental decisions of the viewer. The device can
be used to control computerized machinery from a video display by ocular
gaze point of regard alone, by determining which visual cue the viewer is
looking at and then using the estimation of the task-related selection as a
selector switch.
USP # 5,644,363 (July 1, 1997)




-------------------------


•  3646940 Implantable electronic stimulator electrode and method
•  3727616 Electronic system for the stimulation of biological systems
•  3835833 Method for obtaining neurophysiological effects
•  3837331 System and method for controlling the nervous system of a living organism
•  3837331x Patents Referencing This One
•  3951134 Apparatus and method for remotely monitoring and altering brain waves
•  3951134x Further Details
•  3967616 Multichannel system for and a multifactorial method of controlling the nervous system of a living organism
•  4834701 Apparatus for inducing frequency reduction in brain wave
•  4335710 Device for the induction of specific brain wave patterns
•  4858612 A method and apparatus for simulation of hearing in mammals by introduction of a plurality of microwaves
•  4883067 Method and apparatus for translating the EEG into music to induce and control various psychological and physiological states and to control a musical instrument
•  5036858 Method and apparatus for changing brain wave frequency
•  5213562 Method of inducing mental, emotional and physical states of consciousness, including specific mental activity, in human beings
•  5330414 Brain wave inducing apparatus
•  5356368 Method of and apparatus for inducing desired states of consciousness

Interference with Sleep and or Healing

•  3576185  Sleep-inducing method and arrangement using modulated sound and light
•  3712292 Method and apparatus for producing swept frequency-modulated audio signal patterns for inducing sleep
•  3773049 Apparatus for the treatment of neuropsychic and somatic diseases with heat, light, sound and vhf electromagnetic radiation
•  3884218 Method of inducing and maintaining various stages of sleep in the human being
•  4573449 Method for stimulating the falling asleep and/or relaxing behavior of a person and an arrangement therefor

Measurement / Calibration

•  3789834  Processes and apparatus for the investigation of internal physiological phenomena based on measurements of the impedance variation of the surface of the body
•  3893450 Method and apparatus for brain waveform examination
•  3980076 Method for measuring externally of the human body magnetic susceptibility changes
•  4354505 Method of and apparatus for testing and indicating relaxation state of a human subject
•  4591787 Multi-channel device with SQUIDS and superconducting gradiometers for the measurement of weak magnetic fields produced by various field sources
•  4771239 Multichannel device with superconductor gradiometers for measuring weak magnetic fields
•  4864238 Device for measuring weak magnetic fluxes utilizing planar technology
•  4951674 Biomagnetic analytical system using fiber-optic magnetic sensors
•  5256960 Portable dual band electromagnetic field radiation measurement apparatus
•  5458142 Device for monitoring a magnetic field emanating from an organism
•  5507291 Method and an associated apparatus for remotely determining information as to person's emotional state
•  5522386 Apparatus particularly for use in the determination of the condition of the vegetative part of the nervous system
•  5557199 Magnetic resonance monitor
•  5579241 Real-time acquisition and archiving system for multiple time-sampled signals

Using Drugs

•  4202323  Drug activation by radiation
•  4479932 Brain-specific drug delivery
•  5124146 Differential delivery of therapeutic agents across the blood brain barrier
•  5453361 Method for producing biologically active human brain derived neurotrophic factor

Other

•  3662758  Stimulator apparatus for muscular organs with external transmitter and implantable receiver
•  4048986 Individual identification and diagnosis using wave polarization


--------------------
  ( 1 of 1 )

United States Patent 5,356,368
Monroe * October 18, 1994
Method of and apparatus for inducing desired states of consciousness

Abstract

Improved methods and apparatus for entraining human brain patterns, employing frequency following response (FFR) techniques, facilitate attainment of desired states of consciousness. In one embodiment, a plurality of electroencephalogram (EEG) waveforms, characteristic of a given state of consciousness, are combined to yield an EEG waveform to which subjects may be susceptible more readily. In another embodiment, sleep patterns are reproduced based on observed brain patterns during portions of a sleep cycle; entrainment principles are applied to induce sleep. In yet another embodiment, entrainment principles are applied in the work environment, to induce and maintain a desired level of consciousness. A portable device also is described.

Inventors: Monroe; Robert A. (Nelson County, VA)
Assignee: Interstate Industries Inc. (Faber, VA)
[*] Notice: The portion of the term of this patent subsequent to May 25, 2010 has been disclaimed.
Appl. No.: 664176
Filed: March 1, 1991


----------------------



---------------------------------
-----------------------------



Actual Patents Of Mind
Control And Behavior
Modification Technology


 
US PATENT --4,717,343 --METHOD OF CHANGING A PERSON'S BEHAVIOR--A method of conditioning a person's unconscious mind in order to effect a desired change in the person's behavior which does not require the services of a trained therapist. Instead the person to be treated views a program of video pictures appearing on a screen. The program as viewed by the person's unconscious mind acts to condition the person's thought patterns in a manner which alters that person's behavior in a positive way. SOURCE: Judy Wall, Mike Coyle and Jan Wiesemann. Paranoia Magazine Issue 24 Fall 2000 -Article -'Technology to Your Mind' - By Judy Wall
 
US PATENT 5,270,800 --SUBLIMINAL MESSAGE GENERATOR--A combined subliminal and supraliminal message generator for use with a television receiver permits complete control of subliminal messages and their manner of presentation. A video synchronization detector enables a video display generator to generate a video message signal corresponding to a received alphanumeric text message in synchronism with a received television signal. A video mixer selects either the received video signal or the video message signal for output. The messages produced by the video message generator are user selectable via a keyboard input. A message memory stores a plurality of alphanumeric text messages specified by user commands for use as subliminal messages. This message memory preferably includes a read only memory storing predetermined sets of alphanumeric text messages directed to differing topics. The sets of predetermined alphanumeric text messages preferably include several positive affirmations directed to the left brain and an equal number of positive affirmations directed to the right brain that are alternately presented subliminally. The left brain messages are presented in a linear text mode, while the right brain messages are presented in a three dimensional perspective mode. The user can control the length and spacing of the subliminal presentations to accommodate differing conscious thresholds. Alternative embodiments include a combined cable television converter and subliminal message generator, a combine television receiver and subliminal message generator and a computer capable of presenting subliminal messages. SOURCE: Judy Wall, Mike Coyle and Jan Wiesemann. Paranoia Magazine Issue 24 Fall 2000 -Article -'Technology to Your Mind' - By Judy Wall
 
US PATENT 5,123,899 --METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ALTERING CONSCIOUSNESS--A system for altering the states of human consciousness involves the simultaneous application of multiple stimuli, preferable sounds, having differing frequencies and wave forms. The relationship between the frequencies of the several stimuli is exhibited by the equation g=s.sup.n/4 .multidot.f where: f=frequency of one stimulus; g=frequency of the other stimuli of stimulus; and n=a positive or negative integer which is different for each other stimulus. ALSO SEE: US PATENT --5,289,438 --METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ALTERING CONSCIOUSNESS SOURCE: Judy Wall, Mike Coyle and Jan Wiesemann. Paranoia Magazine Issue 24 Fall 2000 -Article -'Technology to Your Mind' - By Judy Wall
 
US PATENT 4,877,027--HEARING SYSTEM --Sound is induced in the head of a person by radiating the head with microwaves in the range of 100 megahertz to 10,000 megahertz that are modulated with a particular waveform. The waveform consists of frequency modulated bursts. Each burst is made up of ten to twenty uniformly spaced pulses grouped tightly together. The burst width is between 500 nanoseconds and 100 microseconds. The pulse width is in the range of 10 nanoseconds to 1 microsecond. The bursts are frequency modulated by the audio input to create the sensation of hearing in the person whose head is irradiated.
 
US PATENT 6,011,991--COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND METHOD INCLUDING BRAIN WAVE ANALYSIS AND/OR USE OF BRAIN ACTIVITY--A system and method for enabling human beings to communicate by way of their monitored brain activity. The brain activity of an individual is monitored and transmitted to a remote location (e.g. by satellite). At the remote location, the monitored brain activity is compared with pre-recorded normalized brain activity curves, waveforms, or patterns to determine if a match or substantial match is found. If such a match is found, then the computer at the remote location determines that the individual was attempting to communicate the word, phrase, or thought corresponding to the matched stored normalized signal.
 
US PATENT 4,858,612 - HEARING DEVICE --A method and apparatus for simulation of hearing in mammals by introduction of a plurality of microwaves into the region of the auditory cortex is shown and described. A microphone is used to transform sound signals into electrical signals which are in turn analyzed and processed to provide controls for generating a plurality of microwave signals at different frequencies. The multifrequency microwaves are then applied to the brain in the region of the auditory cortex. By this method sounds are perceived by the mammal which are representative of the original sound received by the microphone.
 
US PATENT 3,951,134 - APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR REMOTELY MONITORING AND ALTERING BRAIN WAVES--Apparatus for and method of sensing brain waves at a position remote from a subject whereby electromagnetic signals of different frequencies are simultaneously transmitted to the brain of the subject in which the signals interfere with one another to yield a waveform which is modulated by the subject's brain waves. The interference waveform which is representative of the brain wave activity is re-transmitted by the brain to a receiver where it is demodulated and amplified. The demodulated waveform is then displayed for visual viewing and routed to a computer for further processing and analysis. The demodulated waveform also can be used to produce a compensating signal which is transmitted back to the brain to effect a desired change in electrical activity therein.
 
US PATENT 5,159,703 - SILENT SUBLIMINAL PRESENTATION SYSTEM --A silent communications system in which nonaural carriers, in the very low or very high audio frequency range or in the adjacent ultrasonic frequency spectrum, are amplitude or frequency modulated with the desired intelligence and propagated acoustically or vibrationally, for inducement into the brain, typically through the use of loudspeakers, earphones or piezoelectric transducers.
 
US PATENT 5,507,291- METHOD AND AN ASSOCIATED APPARATUS FOR REMOTELY DETERMINING INFORMATION AS TO A PERSON'S EMOTIONAL STATE
 
US PATENT: US5629678:IMPLANTABLE TRANSCEIVER-Apparatus for Tracking And Recovering Humans.
 
US PATENT FOR BARCODE TATTOO--Method for verifying human identity during electronic sale transactions. A method is presented for facilitating sales transactions by electronic media. A bar code or a design is tattooed on an individual. Before the sales transaction can be consummated, the tattoo is scanned with a scanner. Characteristics about the scanned tattoo are compared to characteristics about other tattoos stored on a computer database in order to verify the identity of the buyer. Once verified, the seller may be authorized to debit the buyer's electronic bank account in order to consummate the transaction. The seller's electronic bank account may be similarly updated.
 
US PATENT 5,539,705 - ULTRASONIC SPEECH TRANSLATOR AND COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM--A wireless communication system undetectable by radio frequency methods for converting audio signals, including human voice, to electronic signals in the ultrasonic frequency range, transmitting the ultrasonic signal by way of acoustical pressure waves across a carrier medium, including gases, liquids, or solids, and reconverting the ultrasonic acoustical pressure waves back to the original audio signal. The ultrasonic speech translator and communication system (20) includes an ultrasonic transmitting device (100) and an ultrasonic receiving device (200). The ultrasonic transmitting device (100) accepts as input (115) an audio signal such as human voice input from a microphone (114) or tape deck.
 
US PATENT 5,629,678 - PERSONAL TRACKING AND RECOVERY SYSTEM--Apparatus for tracking and recovering humans utilizes an implantable transceiver incorporating a power supply and actuation system allowing the unit to remain implanted and functional for years without maintenance. The implanted transmitter may be remotely actuated, or actuated by the implantee. Power for the remote-activated receiver is generated electromechanically through the movement of body muscle. The device is small enough to be implanted in a child, facilitating use as a safeguard against kidnapping, and has a transmission range which also makes it suitable for wilderness sporting activities. A novel biological monitoring feature allows the device to be used to facilitate prompt medical dispatch in the event of heart attack or similar medical emergency. A novel sensation-feedback feature allows the implantee to control and actuate the device with certainty.
 
US PATENT 5,760,692 - INTRA-ORAL TRACKING DEVICE-An intra-oral tracking device adapted for use in association with a tooth having a buccal surface and a lingual surface, the apparatus comprises a tooth mounting member having an inner surface and an outer surface, the inner surface including adhesive material.
 
US PATENT 5,868,100 - FENCELESS ANIMAL CONTROL SYSTEM USING GPS LOCATION INFORMATION--A fenceless animal confinement system comprising portable units attached to the animal and including means for receiving GPS signals and for providing stimulation to the animal. The GPS signals are processed to provide location information which is compared to the desired boundary parameters. If the animal has moved outside the desired area, the stimulation means is activated. The signal processing circuitry may be included either within the portable unit or within a separate fixed station.
 
US PATENT 5,905,461 - GLOBAL POSITIONING SATELLITE TRACKING DEVICE--A global positioning and tracking system for locating one of a person and item of property. The global positioning and tracking system comprises at least one tracking device for connection to the one of the person and item of property including a processing device for determining a location of the tracking device and generating a position signal and a transmitter for transmitting said position signal.
 
US PATENT 5,935,054 - MAGNETIC EXCITATION OF SENSORY RESONANCES--The invention pertains to influencing the nervous system of a subject by a weak externally applied magnetic field with a frequency near 1/2 Hz. In a range of amplitudes, such fields can excite the 1/2 sensory resonance, which is the physiological effect involved in "rocking the baby".
 
US PATENT 5,952,600 -ENGINE DISABLING WEAPON-- A non-lethal weapon for disabling an engine such as that of a fleeing car by means of a high voltage discharge that perturbs or destroys the electrical circuits.
 
US PATENT 6,006,188 - SPEECH SIGNAL PROCESSING FOR DETERMINING PSYCHOLOGICAL OR PHYSIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS USING A KNOWLEDGE BASE
 
US PATENT 6,014,080 - BODY WORN ACTIVE AND PASSIVE TRACKING DEVICE --Tamper resistant body-worn tracking device to be worn by offenders or potential victims for use in a wireless communication system receiving signals from a global positioning system (GPS).
 
US PATENT 6,017,302 - SUBLIMINAL ACOUSTIC MANIPULATION OF NERVOUS SYSTEMS --In human subjects, sensory resonances can be excited by subliminal atmospheric acoustic pulses that are tuned to the resonance frequency. The 1/2 Hz sensory resonance affects the autonomic nervous system and may cause relaxation, drowsiness, or sexual excitement, depending on the precise acoustic frequency near 1/2 Hz used. The effects of the 2.5 Hz resonance include slowing of certain cortical processes, sleepiness, and disorientation. For these effects to occur, the acoustic intensity must lie in a certain deeply subliminal range. Suitable apparatus consists of a portable battery-powered source of weak subaudio acoustic radiation. The method and apparatus can be used by the general public as an aid to relaxation, sleep, or sexual arousal, and clinically for the control and perhaps treatment of insomnia, tremors, epileptic seizures, and anxiety disorders. There is further application as a nonlethal weapon that can be used in law enforcement standoff situations, for causing drowsiness and disorientation in targeted subjects. It is then preferable to use venting acoustic monopoles in the form of a device that inhales and exhales air with subaudio frequency.
 
US PATENT 6,051,594 - METHODS AND FORMULATIONS FOR MODULATING THE HUMAN SEXUAL RESPONSE--The invention is directed to improved methods for modulating the human sexual response by orally administering a formulation of the vasodilator phentolamine to the blood circulation and thereby modulating the sexual response on demand.
 
US PATENT 6,052,336 - APPARATUS AND METHOD OF BROADCASTING AUDIBLE SOUND USING ULTRASONIC SOUND AS A CARRIER--An ultrasonic sound source broadcasts an ultrasonic signal which is amplitude and/or frequency modulated with an information input signal originating from an information input source. If the signals are amplitude modulated, a square root function of the information input signal is produced prior to modulation. The modulated signal, which may be amplified, is then broadcast via a projector unit, whereupon an individual or group of individuals located in the broadcast region detect the audible sound.
 
http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?Sect1=3DPTO1&Sect2=3DHITOFF&d=3DPALL=3D
1&u=3D/netahtml/srchnum.htm&r=3D1&f=3DG&l=3D50&s1=3D5,800,481.WKU.&OS=3DPN/5,800,481&RS=
=3D
PN/5,800,481
( 1 of 1 )
United States Patent 5,800,481
Loos September 1, 1998
Thermal excitation of sensory resonances
Abstract
In man, autonomic and cortical resonances of the nervous system can be
excited by inducing subliminal heat pulses in the skin by means of a
resistive heat patch, laser, heat lamp, or microwave radiation, or through
a slow air jet that carries a small periodic fluctuation in temperature.
Deeply subliminal skin temperature oscillations of frequency near 1/2 Hz
induced in a subject by any of these means cause sleepiness, drowziness,
relaxation, a tonic smile, ptosis of the eyelids, a tense feeling, sudden
loose stool, or sexual excitement, depending on the precise pulse frequency
used. For certain higher frequencies, the induced subliminal skin
temperature oscillations cause fractured thought and a slowing of certain
cortical processes. The method and apparatus can be used by the general
public as an aid to relaxation, sleep, or arousal, and clinically for the
control and perhaps treatment of tremors, seizures, and emotional disorders=
.
There is further application in the form of nonlethal weapons, involving a
pulsed infrared laser or a pulsed microwave beam, tuned to a sensory
resonance pulse frequency.



------------------------------------------------------------------------

CIA Behavior Experiments Collection (John Marks Donation)
------------------------------------------------------------------------



Date Range: 1940s-1970s

Box #1 - Artichoke Documents--MKULTRA DOCS 1-57

Burch, Dr. Neil/LSD and the Air Force: Smithsonian: Index and Institutional Notifications
Subproject 1: MKULTRA: Plants Isolation and Characterization of Rivea Corymbosa
Subproject 2: MKULTRA: Drugs
Subproject 3: MKULTRA: Testing
Subproject 4: MKULTRA: Mulholland's Manual
Subproject 5a: MKULTRA
Subproject 5b: MKULTRA: Denver University Hypnosis
Subproject 6: MKULTRA: Testing of Plants by HEF
Subproject 7: MKULTRA: Funding; ONR Probably Abramson
Subproject 8: MKULTRA: Boston Psychopathic Hospital
Subproject 9: MKULTRA: Depressants, Schizophrenics, Alcoholics
Subproject 10: MKULTRA: Personality Assessment
Subproject 11: MKULTRA: Botanicals Popkin (Documents and articles on Luis Angel Castillo)
Subproject 12: MKULTRA: Financial Records
Subproject 13: MKULTRA: CIA Support to Fort Detrick
Subproject 14: MKULTRA: Paying Bureau of Narcotics for White
Subproject 15: MKULTRA: Magic Support; Mulholland Supplement
Subproject 16: MKULTRA: Testing Apartment Rental
Subproject 17: MKULTRA: LSD Studies of [excised] University
Subproject 19: MKULTRA: Magic Manual
Subproject 20: MKULTRA: Synthesis Derivative of Yohimbine Hydrochloride
Subproject 21: MKULTRA: Defector Study: originally Drug Study
Subproject 22: MKULTRA: William Cook and Co. Research: Amanita Muscaria, Rivea Corymbosa
Subproject 26: MKULTRA: Pfeiffer, Finances
Subproject 27: MKULTRA: ONR Funding, LSD Research
Subproject 28: MKULTRA: Pfeiffer
Subproject 30: MKULTRA: Fort Detrick (1)
Subproject 30: MKULTRA: Fort Detrick (2)
Subproject 30: MKULTRA: Fort Detrick (3)
Subproject 31: MKULTRA: Manufacture of Drugs by Pellow Wease Chemical Co.
Subproject 32: MKULTRA: Collection of Plants
Subproject 33: MKULTRA: Collection of 400 for SUBPR #27
Subproject 34: MKULTRA: More Support to Magic
Subproject 35: MKULTRA: Georgetown Hospital: Geschichter
Subproject 36: MKULTRA: Cuba Chapter Conference, Consultant, Subproject involving getting a man on a diverted freighter
Subproject 37: MKULTRA: Collection of Botanicals
Subproject 38: MKULTRA
Subproject 39: MKULTRA: Iowa State Hospital (and Ionia)
Subproject 40: MKULTRA: Funding, Probably Abrams LSD Research



Box #2

Subproject 42: MKULTRA: Safehouse Chapter 7: MKULTRA Interview Notes White, George Hunter Dope Traffickers' Nemesis
Subproject 43: MKULTRA: Combination drug, Hypnosis, Sensory Deprivation
Subproject 44: MKULTRA: Testing of Aromatic Amines at University of Illinois
Subproject 45: MKULTRA: Knockout, Stress, Cancer
Subproject 46: MKULTRA: Rochester LSD Drugs
Subproject 47: MKULTRA: Pfeiffer Atlanta
Subproject 47: MKULTRA: (1) Pfeiffer Atlanta/Bordertown
Subproject 48: MKULTRA: HEF Cornell Relationship: Artichoke Team Proposals and Reports
Subproject 49: MKULTRA: Hypnosis at [excised] University
Subproject 50: MKULTRA: CIA Imprest Fund for $500
Subproject 51: MKULTRA: (1) Moore Collecting Botanicals
Subproject 52: MKULTRA: (2) Moore Collecting Botanicals
Subproject 53: MKULTRA: (3) Moore Collecting Botanicals
Subproject 53: MKULTRA: Review Pharmacological lit.
Subproject 54: MKULTRA: Brain Concussion
Subproject 55: MKULTRA: Unwitting Drug Tests at [excised] University
Subproject 56: MKULTRA: Studies on Alcohol, Stanford Medical school
Subproject 57: MKULTRA: Sleep and Insomnia at GW: MKULTRA: Lloyd Gould
Subproject 57: MKULTRA: Sleep



Box # 3

C-30 Project MUDHEN Jack Anderson
MKULTRA --To File: Massachusetts (Bibliographic Citations, articles on mind control experiments in Massachusetts): John Jacobs' Kentucky
Subproject 58: MKULTRA: J. P. Morgan and Co. (see Wasson file) Agency Policy and Conferences
Subproject 59: MKULTRA: Unwitting Drug Tests at University of Maryland
Subproject 60: MKULTRA: Human Ecology
Subproject 61: MKULTRA
Subproject 62: MKULTRA: Consulting Work in Isolation/Electric Shock/CNS Drugs
Subproject 63: MKULTRA: (1) Drugs and Alcohol (Butler)
Subproject 64: MKULTRA: Drugs
Subproject 65: MKULTRA: Hungarian Refugees
Subproject 66: MKULTRA: Alcohol and Drug Study
Subproject 67: MKULTRA: CIA Use of Institutes Facilities -- University of Indiana
Subproject 69: MKULTRA: Rutgers
Subproject 70: MKULTRA: "Knockout"
Subproject 71: MKULTRA: Dr. Wallace Chan at Stanford University Testing Drugs
Subproject 72: MKULTRA: Testing Drugs for Effects on Central Nervous System
Subproject 73: MKULTRA: University of Kentucky: Narcotics Farms, Narco-Hypnosis
Subproject 74: MKULTRA: Small HEF Subproject (1)
Subproject 74: MKULTRA: Small HEF Subproject (2)
Subproject 75: MKULTRA: Mass. Mental Health (by Project number of master list)
Subproject 77: MKULTRA: Biological Lab (1)
Subproject 78: MKULTRA: Biological Lab (2)
Subproject 78: MKULTRA: Biological Lab (3)
Subproject 78: MKULTRA: Biological Lab (4)
Subproject 78: MKULTRA: Biological Lab (5)
Subproject 78: MKULTRA: Biological Lab (6)



Box # 4

Document Indexes, Abstracts, and Documents
Subproject 79: MKULTRA: Cutout for Funding Research of a "sensible nature"
Subproject 80: MKULTRA
Subproject 81: MKULTRA: Cornell--Extension of Hinkle--Wolf
Subproject 82: MKULTRA: Hungarian Refugees
Subproject 83: MKULTRA: Graphology Journal and Cover
Subproject 84: MKULTRA: Hypnosis Work
Subproject 85: MKULTRA: Stanford Medical School
Subproject 86: MKULTRA: Stanford Medical School: Telecontrol
Subproject 87: MKULTRA: Hyper -Allergic Substances
Subproject 88: MKULTRA: Cultural Appraisal
Subproject 89: MKULTRA: Hungarian Repatriation
Subproject 90: MKULTRA: MIT--A. J. Wiener
Subproject 91: MKULTRA: Drug Testing and Screening of Animals
Subproject 92: MKULTRA: Teaching Machine for Foreign Languages
Subproject 93: MKULTRA: Toxin Study--Cuba Chapter
Subproject 94: MKULTRA
Subproject 95: MKULTRA: Osgood
Subproject 96: MKULTRA: George Kelly
Subproject 97: MKULTRA: Schizophrenics Psychotherapy
Subproject 98: MKULTRA: Mass Conversion Study: Queens College
Subproject 99: MKULTRA: Optics mixed with Biological Warfare--Cuba Chapter
Subproject 100: MKULTRA: CBW Penn State
Subproject 101: MKULTRA: Biophysics of Central Nervous System
Subproject 102: MKULTRA: Adolescent Gangs
Subproject 103: MKULTRA: Children's Summer Camps
Subproject 104: MKULTRA: Sabotage of Petroleum
Subproject 105: MKULTRA: CBW, Disease
Subproject 106: MKULTRA: Electrodes, Russian Study
Subproject 109: MKULTRA: Drugs-CBW Testing
Subproject 110: MKULTRA: CBW MKNAOMI
Subproject 112: MKULTRA: Vocational Studies in Children
Subproject 113: MKULTRA: Gas Sprays and Aerosols
Subproject 114: MKULTRA: Alcohol Study
Subproject 115: MKULTRA: Mentally Disturbed and Environment
Subproject 116: MKULTRA: Lab
Subproject 117: MKULTRA: Cultural Influences on Children
Subproject 118: MKULTRA: Microbiology--Penn State
Subproject 119: MKULTRA: Telecontrol--Texas Christian
Subproject 120: MKULTRA Drug Research
Subproject 121: MKULTRA: Witch Doctor study-Dr. Raymond Prince-- McGill University
Subproject 122: MKULTRA: Study of Neurokinin
Subproject 123: MKULTRA: African Attitude Study
Subproject 124: MKULTRA: African Attitude Study
Subproject 125: MKULTRA: CO2 and Acid Base Research
Subproject 126: MKULTRA: Work on Placebos and Drugs
Subproject 127: MKULTRA: Disaster/Stress Study
Subproject 128: MKULTRA: Rapid Hypnotic Induction
Subproject 130: MKULTRA: Personality Theory, David Saunders/William Thetford; Columbia Univ.



Box # 5

Subproject 131: MKULTRA
Subproject 132: MKULTRA: Safe House -- Not San Francisco
Subproject 133: MKULTRA: Safe House -- Not San Francisco
Subproject 134: MKULTRA: Correlation Of Physique and Personality done by Haronian in New Jersey -- Human Ecology
Subproject 135: MKULTRA: Testing on Volunteers
Subproject 136: MKULTRA: ESP Research
Subproject 137: MKULTRA: Handwriting Analysis, Dr. Klare G Toman-HEF
Subproject 139: MKULTRA: Bird Disease Studies at Penn State
Subproject 140: MKULTRA: human Voluntary Drug Testing
Subproject 141: MKULTRA: Unknown
Subproject 142: MKULTRA: Unknown
Subproject 143: MKULTRA CBW/Bacteria University of Houston
Subproject 144: MKULTRA
Subproject 145: MKULTRA
Subproject 146: MKULTRA
Subproject 147: MKULTRA: Psychometric Drugs THC
Subproject 148: MKULTRA: (1) Marijuana Research
Subproject 148: MKULTRA: (2) Marijuana Research
Subproject 149: MKULTRA: George White and Federal Bureau of Narcotics
MKULTRA APE A and B--Funding Mechanisms for MKULTRA
ARTICHOKE Docs 38-461 (2)
ARTICHOKE Docs 156-199
ARTICHOKE Docs 200-310 (1)
ARTICHOKE Docs 200-310 (2)
ARTICHOKE Docs 200-310 (1)
ARTICHOKE Docs 200-310 (2)
ARTICHOKE Docs 311-340
ARTICHOKE Docs 362-388
ARTICHOKE Docs 388-461
MKSEARCH 7
MKSEARCH 6 (continuation of MKULTRA 62)
MKSEARCH 2 (continues BW Lab, MKULTRA 78)
MKSEARCH Docs S-2 (BW Lab)
MKSEARCH Docs S-8 (Phase out of work done on schizophrenics probably by Pfeiffer)
MKSEARCH Docs S-7
MKSEARCH Basic Documents
Unlabeled Accordion File--primarily MKULTRA: Subproject 42
Unlabeled Accordion File--Financial records, checks



Box # 6

MKSEARCH 6 Discontinuation of Geschichter Fund for Medical Research
MKSEARCH 2
MKSEARCH 5
MKSEARCH S-14
MKSEARCH 6 - MKACTION
MKSEARCH 4 - Bureau of Narcotics Safehouse
MKSEARCH 3 - Testing at Vacaville, Hamilton
MKSEARCH S-3 Vacaville (1)
MKSEARCH S-3 Vacaville (2)
Lexington: Air Force: Alcohol: Amnesia: Animals: David Anthony:ARPA
Subproject 107: MKULTRA: American Psychological Association: Army Testing: Assassination: Raymond A. Bauer: Berlin Poison Case: Biometric Lab: Biophysical Measurements: Beecher (Henry K.): Brainwashing
ARTICHOKE Docs 59-155: Bordentown New Jersey Reformatory: Boston Psychopathic (Hyde-Massachusetts Mental Hospital): Brain Studies: Brainwashing (1): Brainwashing (2): Project Calling Card: John Marks Chapter 6 Conclusions: Chadwell, W.H.: CBW Work File: Dr. Wallace Chan: Cold War Late 1953-1955 (1): Cold War Late 1953-1955 (2): Communist Control Techniques VII: Cold War Docs (1) (Project Artichoke, Bluebird): Cold War Docs (2): Control of Behavior --General: Cybernetics: Defectors: University of Denver: Destruction of Files: Diseases: Drug Research and Operations Diseases: Drug Research and Operations: Drugs: Documents ARTICHOKE: Drugs: ARTICHOKE: Drugs: ARTICHOKE (2): Drugs: Subprojects



Box # 7

Ethics: Federal Penitentiary -- Atlanta: Fisher Scientific Company: Flickering Lights: FOIA Important Documents (FOIA correspondence and Court DocumeRnts for suit against the CIA):Freedom of Info Act requests (1): Freedom of Info Act requests (2): Foreign Countries: Heath: Foreign Liaison: Friends of McGill University, Inc.: Ft. Detrick: Joan Gavin: Genetics: George Washington University: Geschichter Fund: Unlabeled File --MKULTRA Subprojects: Government Agencies: Graduate students: Grifford: Handwriting Hardenberg: Hearings: Hinkle: History: Hospitals: Hungarian Projects: (Defectors, Refugees): Edward Hunter: Hypnosis 50-53: Hypnosis, Cold War period: Hypnosis - Literature: Hypnosis Hypnosis - C I:: Hypnosis Documents (1): Subproject ARTICHOKE: Hypnosis Documents (2): Subproject ARTICHOKE: Hypospray: Inspector General: University of Illinois: Internal Revenue Service: Iowa State Hospital, Ionia State Hospital, Michigan: Ittleson Foundation: IVY Research Lab: Johns Hopkins University: Juicy Quotes: Lyman Kirkpatrick: John Lilly: Lovell Chemical Company: Lovell: Lowinger: LSD - Counterculture: LSD - (Old Sandoz File): LSD (1): LSD (2)



Box # 8

Magic: Mulholland: George Merck: University of Minnesota: Miscellaneous: MKDELTA: ARTICHOKE Docs/Clips: MKDELTA Subprojects: James A. Moore: MKNOOM: Mulholland: Mushrooms -- Chapter 8: Naval Research, Military Side -- Chapter 14: Oatis Case: Often/Chickwit: Ohio State University: Operation Paperclip: Organizational Structure: ORD: World War II: Martin Orne: Parapsychology (Limited discussion on EMR research also): The Application of Tesla's Technology in Today's World



Box # 9

(Original Box 13-- not copied as of 7/2/93) Press Conferences (Excerpts from documents): Pfeiffer Subproject 47: Penn State (clippings): Placebos: Pfeiffer, Carl C.: Pharmaceutical Houses: Polygraph: POW: Prince-- Witch Doctor Study: Prisoners -- Documents Prisoners-Mental Patients (clippings): Private Company: Programming: Prouty: Psychological Assessment: Research and Development Study by Edgewood Arsenal: Personality Assessment -- OSS (Clippings, Book Chapters, Interview Notes): Psychical Research Foundation: Psycho-Pharmacology: Psychosurgery: Psychosurgery (2) (clippings): Max Rinkel: Public Health Service: Puerto Rican Study: Recent Agency Policy on Experimentation: Recent Events in Defense Department (Includes document from Siemmer): Project Revere: RHIC-Edom Files (Clippings): Chapter 7 -- Safehouse (draft manuscript?): Safehouse Working File (personal notes): Safehouses (Documents): Schein (clipping): Schultes (clippings, notes): Sensory Deprivation (primary clippings): Schultes (clippings, notes): Chapter 7 -- Safehouses-- clippings



Box # 10

CIA Behavior Modification Reports: Side Tone Delay Device II: Incapacitation -- Non-Lethal: 4 Assessment: Sleep Knockout Drug (clippings): Alexander H. Smith (clippings): Soil Microbiology:Sonics: Stanford: Team Exp. 1: Technical Assistance: ARTICHOKE: Technologies: Toxic Psychic States: Ultra Sonics/Sonics: Tradecraft: Universities (clippings): Wasson, Robert Gordon (notes, clippings): Wendt: White TD Docs: Harold Wolff (clippings): Documents to File (miscellaneous topics)



Box # 11

Sleep Learning: Interrogation: Electric Fish and Animal Radar 1/3: Electric Fish and Animal Radar 2/3: Electric Fish and Animal Radar 3/3: Plants, Sleep Machine, ESB and Sleep, Biocommunications and Bioelectronics: History of Program: Animal ESB: Toxicity in mice 1/4: Toxicity in mice 2/4: Toxicity in mice 3/4: Toxicity in mice 4/4



Box # 12

Index Cards




-------------------------------------------------------------------------

Actual 1974 Congressional Testimony of Dr. Jose Delgado -

------------------------------------------------------------------------

 
"We need a program of PSYCHOSURGERY for POLITICAL CONTROL of our society. The purpose is PHISICAL CONTROL OF THE MIND. Everyone who deviates from the given norm can be SURGICALLY MUTILATED.
 
"The individual may think that the most important reality is his own existence, but this is only his personal point of view. This lacks historical perspective.
 
"Man does NOT HAVE THE RIGHT to develop his own mind. This kind of liberal orientation has great appeal. We must ELECTRICALLY CONTROL THE BRAIN. Some day armies and generals will be controlled by electric stimulation of the brain."
 
Dr. Jose M.R. Delgado Director of Neuropsychiatry Yale University Medical School Congressional Record, No. 26, Vol. 118 February 24, 1974
 
(Author of "PHYSICAL CONTROL OF THE MIND" 1969)
 
 
The following article was originally published in the 36th-year edition of the Finnish-language journal, SPEKULA (3rd Quarter, 1999). SPEKULA is a publication of Northern Finland medical students and doctors of Oulu University OLK (OULUN LAAKETIETEELLINEN KILTA).
 
 
MICROCHIP IMPLANTS, MINDCONTROL AND CYBERNETICS
 
By Rauni-Leena Luukanen-Kilde, MD Former Chief Medical Officer of Finland
 
In 1948 Norbert Weiner published a book, CYBERNETICS, defined as a neurological communication and control theory already in use in small circles at that time. Yoneji Masuda, "Father of Information Society," stated his concern in 1980 that our liberty is threatened Orwellian-style by cybernetic technology totally unknown to most people. This technology links the brains of people via implanted microchips to satellites controlled by ground-based super-computers.
 
The first brain implants were surgically inserted in 1874 in the state of Ohio, U.S.A., and also in Stockholm, Sweden. Brain electrodes were inserted into the skulls of babies in 1946 without the knowledge of their parents. In the 50's and 60's, electrical implants were inserted into the brains of animals and humans, especially in the U.S., during research into behavior modification, and brain and body functioning. Mind control (MC) methods were used in attempt to change human behavior and attitudes. Influencing brain functions became an important goal of military and intelligence services.
 
Thirty years ago brain implants showed up in xrays the size of one centimeter. Subsequent implants shrunk to the size of a grain of rice. They were made of silicon, later still of gallium arsenide. Today they are small enough to be inserted into the neck or back, and also intraven-ously in different parts of the body during surgical operations, with or without the consent of the subject. It is now almost impossible to detect or remove them.
 
It is technically possible for every newborn to be injected with a micro-chip, which could then function to identify the person for the rest of his or her life. Such plans are secretly being discussed in the U.S. without any public airing of the privacy issues involved. In Sweden, Prime Minister Olof Palme gave permission in 1973 to implant prisoners, and Data Inspection's ex-Director General Jan Freese revealed that nursing-home patients were implanted in the mid- 1980's. The technology is revealed in the 1972:47 Swedish state report, STATENS OFFICIELLA UTRADNINGER (SOU).
 
Implanted human beings can be followed anywhere. Their brain functions can then be remotely monitored by supercomputers and even altered through the changing of frequencies. Guinea-pigs in secret experiments have in-cluded prisoners, soldiers, mental patients, handicapped children, deaf and blind people, homosexuals, single women, the elderly, school children and any group of people considered "marginal" by the elite experimenters. The published experiences of prisoners in Utah State Prison, for example, are shocking to the conscience.
 
Today's microchips operate by means of low-frequency radio waves that target them. With the help of satellites, the implanted person can be tracked anywhere on the globe. Such a technique was among a number tested in the Iraq war, according to Dr. Carl Sanders, who invented the intell-igence-manned interface (IMI) biotic, which is injected into people. (Earlier during the Vietnam War, soldiers were injected with the Rambo chip, designed to increase adrenaline flow into the bloodstream.) The U.S. National Security Agency's (NSA) 20 billion bits/second supercomputers could now "see and hear" what soldiers experience in the battlefield with a remote monitoring system (RMS).
 
When a 5-micromillimeter microchip (the diameter of a strand of hair is 50 micromillometers) is placed into optical nerve of the eye, it draws neuroimpulses from the brain that embody the experiences, smells, sights and voice of the implanted person. Once transferred and stored in a computer, these neuroimpulses can be projected back to the person's brain via the microchip to be re-experienced. Using a RMS, a land-based computer operator can send electromagnetic messages (encoded as signals) to the nervous system, affecting the target's performance. With RMS, healthy persons can be induced to see hallucinations and to hear voices in their heads.
 
Every thought, reaction, hearing and visual observation causes a certain neurological potential, spikes, and patterns in the brain and its elect- romagnetic fields, which can now be decoded into thoughts, pictures and voices. Electromagnetic stimulation can therefore change a person's brainwaves and affect muscular activity, causing painful muscular cramps experienced as torture.
 
The NSA's electronic surveillance system can simultaneously follow and handle millions of people. Each of us has a unique bioelectrical reson- ance frequency in the brain, just like we have unique fingerprints. With electro-magnetic frequency (EMF) brain stimulation fully coded, pulsating electromagnetic signals can be sent to the brain, causing the desired voice and visual effects to be experienced by the target. This is a form of electronic warfare. U.S. astronauts were implanted before they were sent into space so their thoughts could be followed and all their emotions could be registered 24 hours a day.
 
The Washington Post reported in in May 1995 that Prince William of Great Britain was implanted at the age of 12. Thus, if he were ever kidnapped, a radiowave with a specific frequency could be targeted to his microchip. The chips signal would be routed through a satellite to the computer screen of police headquarters, where the Princes movements could be followed. He could actually be located anywhere on the globe.
 
The mass media have not reported that an implanted person's privacy van- ishes for the rest of his or her life. S/he can be manipulated in many ways. Using different frequencies, the secret controller of this equip- ment can even change a person's emotional life. S/he can be made aggress- ive or lethargic. Sexuality can be artificially influenced. Thought sig-nals and subconscious thinking can be read, dreams affected and even induced, all without the knowledge or consent of the implanted person.
 
A perfect cyber-soldier can thus be created. This secret technology has been used by military forces in certain NATO countries since the 1980's without civilian and academic populations having heard anything about it. Thus, little information about such invasive mind-control systems is available in professional and academic journals.
 
The NSA's Signals Intelligence can remotely monitor information from human brains by decoding the evoked potentials (3.50HZ, 5 milliwatt) emitted by the brain. Prisoner experimentees in both Gothenburg, Sweden and Vienna, Austria have been found to have [missing word] brain lesions. Diminished blood circulation and lack of oxygen in the right temporal frontal lobes result where brain implants are usually operative. A Finnish experimentee experienced brain atrophy and intermittent attacks of unconsciousness due to lack of oxygen.
 
Mind control techniques can be used for political purposes. The goal of mind controllers today is to induce the targeted persons or groups to act against his or her own convictions and best interests. Zombified individ-uals can even be programmed to murder and remember nothing of their crime afterward. Alarming examples of this phenomenon can be found in the U.S.
 
This silent war is being conducted against unknowing civilians and sold-iers by military and intelligence agencies. Since 1980 electronic stim- ulation of the brain (ESB) has been secretly used to control people tar-geted without their knowledge or consent. All international human rights agreements forbid nonconsensual manipulation of human beings even in pri-sons, not to speak of civilian populations. Under an initiative of U.S. Senator John Glenn, discussions commenced in January 1997 about the dan-gers of radiating civilian populations. Targeting peoples brain functions with electromagnetic fields and beams (from helicopters and airplanes, satellites, from parked white vans, neighboring houses, telephone poles, electrical appliances, mobil phones, TV, radio, etc.), is part of the radiation problem that should be addressed in democratically elected government bodies.
 
In addition to electronic MC, chemical methods have also been developed. Mind-altering drugs and different smelling gasses affecting brain function negatively can be injected into air ducts or water pipes. Also, bacteria and viruses have been tested this way in several countries.
 
Today's supertechnology, connecting our brain functions via microchips (or even without them, according to the latest technology) to computers via satellites in the U.S. or Israel, poses the gravest threat to human-ity. The latest supercomputers are powerful enough to monitor the whole worlds population. What will happen when people are tempted by false premises to allow microchips into their bodies? One lure will be a micro-chip identity card. Compulsory legislation has even been secretly pro-posed in the U.S. to criminalize removal of an ID implant.
 
Are we ready for the robotization of mankind and the total elimination of privacy, including freedom of thought? How many of us would want to cede our entire life, including our most secret thoughts, to Big Brother? Yet the technology exists to create a totalitarian "New World Order." Covert neurological communication systems are in place to counteract independent thinking and to control social and political activity on behalf of self-serving private and military interests.
 
When our brain functions are already is connected to supercomputers by means of radio implants and microchips, it will be too late for protest. This threat can be defeated only by educating the public, using available literature on biotelemetry and information exchanged at international congresses.
 
One reason this technology has remained a state secret is the widespread prestige of the psychiatric DIAGNOSTIC STATISTICAL MANUAL IV produced by the U.S. American Psychiatric Association (APA), and printed in 18 lan-guages. Psychiatrists working for U.S. intelligence agencies no doubt participated in writing and revising this manual. This psychiatric "bible" covers up the secret development of MC technologies by labelling some of their effects as symptoms of paranoid schizophrenia.
 
Victims of mind control experimentation are thus routinely diagnosed, knee-jerk fashion, as mentally ill by doctors who learned the DSM symptom list in medical school. Physicians have not been schooled that patients may be telling the truth when they report being targeted against their will or being used as guinea pigs for electronic, chemical and bacteriological forms of psychological warfare.
 
Time is running out for changing the direction of military medicine, and ensuring the future of human freedom. -- Rauni Kilde, MD December 6, 2000 ___
 
 
MICROWAVE MIND CONTROL: MODERN TORTURE AND CONTROL MECHANISMS ELIMINATING HUMAN RIGHTS AND PRIVACY

By Dr. Rauni Leena Kilde, MD
September 25, 1999
 
Helsingin Sanomat, the largest newspaper in Scandinavia, wrote in the September 9, 1999 issue that Scientific American magazine estimates that after the Millenium perhaps ALL people will be implanted with a "DNA microchip".
 
How many people realize what it actually means? Total loss of privacy and total outside control of the person's physical body functions, men-tal, emotional and thought processes, including the implanted person's subconscious and dreams! For the rest of his life!
 
It sounds like science fiction but it is secret military and intelligence agencies' mind control technology, which has been experimented with for almost half a century. Totally without the knowledge of the general public and even the general academic population.
 
Supercomputers in Maryland, Israel and elsewhere with a speed of over 20 BILLION bits/sec can monitor millions of people simultaneously. In fact, the whole world population can be totally controlled by these secret brain-computer interactions, however unbelievable it sounds for the uninformed.
 
Human thought has a speed of 5,000 bits/sec and everyone understands that our brain cannot compete with supercomputers acting via satellites, implants, local facilities, scalar or other forms of biotelemetry.
 
Each brain has a unique set of bioelectric resonance/entrainment characteristics. Remote neural monitoring systems with supercomputers can send messages through an implanted person's nervous system and affect their performance in any way desired. They can of course be tracked and identified anywhere.
 
Neuro-electromagnetic involuntary human experimentation has been going on with the so-called "vulnerable population" for about 50 years, in the name of "science" or "national security" in the worst Nazi-type testing, contrary to all human rights. Physical and psychological torture of mind control victims today is like the worst horror movies. Only, unlike the horror movies, it is true.
 
It happens today in the USA, Japan, and Europe. With few exceptions, the mass media suppresses all information about the entire topic.
 
Mind control technology in the USA is classified under "non-lethal" weaponry. The name is totally misleading because the technology used IS lethal, but death comes slowly in the form of "normal" illnesses, like cancer, leukemia, heart attacks, Alzheimer's disease with loss of short term memory first. No wonder these illnesses have increased all over the world.
 
When the use of electromagnetic fields, extra-low (ELF) and ultra-low (ULF) frequencies and microwaves aimed deliberately at certain individ-uals, groups, and even the general population to cause diseases, disori-entation, chaos and physical and emotional pain breaks into the awareness of the general population, a public outcry is inevitable.
 
[Eleanor White comment: ELF/ULF frequencies on their own cannot be focussed and are practically impossible to transmit in the usual manner of radio transmissions. ELF/ULF cannot carry voice.
 
ELF/ULF CAN be carried on radio and ultrasound carrier signals, however, and are effective in things like setting up a target to be more receptive to hypnosis, force a target to be unable to sleep, and force a target to fall asleep daytime. This is like the reverse process of reading the brain's natural ELF/ULF electrical activity using biofeedback.]
 
Who is behind a sinister plan to microchip and control and torture the general population?
 
[Eleanor White's comment: Reports from persons targetted by neuro- electromagnetic experimentation show that not everyone is implanted. The fact that those few victims who have had implants removed cannot get custody of the implants means someone has a keen interest in controlling the use of covert implants and preventing the publication of this practice.]
 
The Patent Office of the U.S.A. has granted patents for purposes of mental monitoring and mind alteration.
 
Apparatus and method for remotely monitoring and altering brainwaves, methods for inducing mental, emotional and physical states of conscious- ness, in human beings. Method of and apparatus for desired states of consciousness are among some of them.
 
People who have been implanted, involuntarily or through deception vol- untarily have become bilogical robots and guinea pigs for this activity under the guise of national security.
 
The real consequences of microchip implantation (or with today's advanced hidden technology, using only microwave radiation for mind control,) are totally hidden from the public. How many know the real dangers of mic- rowaves through mobile phones?
 
How many believe the disinformation that microwave radiation is not causing health problems? The economic issues in the mobile phone industry are enormous. Therefore health issues are deliberately brushed aside.
 
However, the same thing is inevitable in the future as with the tobacco industry. When economic compensation for health damages becomes big enough, as in the tobacco industry, health hazards will be admitted and users are then responsible for their tobacco-related illnesses.
 
Today, already about 50% of Finns, Swedes and Norwegians use mobile phones, especially the young population.
 
Mobile phones used in mind control was a brilliant idea. Military and police agencies can follow every user, influence their thoughts through microwaves, cause healthy people to hear voices in their heads and if needed burn their brains in a second by increasing the current 20,000 times.
 
That probably happened to Chechnyan leader General Dudayev who died talking to a mobile phone.
 
Heating effect of tissues with the speed of light is a known effect of high power microwave and electromagnetic pulse weapons.
 
According to Navy studies they also cause fatigue states, depression, insomnia, aggressiveness, long and especially short term memory loss, short catatonic states, cataracts, leukemia, cancer, heart attacks, brain tumors and so forth.
 
Alteration of behavior and attitudes hs been demonstrated as well.
 
Dr. Ross Adey has found out that by using 0.75 milliwatts per square centimeter intensity of pulse modulated microwave at a frequency of 450 MHz it is possible to control ALL aspects of human behaviour!
 
Microwave radiation excites the hydrogen bond in the cells and can interfere with meiosis, which leads to tumors.
 
All our emotions, moods, and thoughts have a specific brain frequency which has been catalogued. If these records fall into the wrong hands, our behaviour and attitudes can be manipulated by persons whose ethics and morals are not in our best interest.
 
Both military and intelligence agencies have been infiltrated with such persons. The Director of the Swiss Secret Service had to resign in September 1999 because of his agency's involvement in illegal arms deals and a plan to create an ORGANIZATION within the legal Secret Service.
 
This globally infiltrated organization has "octopus type" activities in all major intelligence services in the world, working together with the Mafia and terrorists. It has recruited people from all important government institutions, state and local administrations.
 
It owns Star Wars technology which is used against military and civilian populations, claiming it is "non-lethal" weaponry.
 
"Down and out" people, jobless, freed prisoners, mental outpatients, students and orphans are trained by this organization to harass, follow, and torture innocent people, who for whatever reason have been put on the organization's hit list. They are ALREADY in every apartment block!
 
[Eleanor White comment: This gang-like colour-coding is not reported in all areas. Dr. Kilde's experience is with northern Europe.]
 
Deception is the name of the game, so recruits are told untrue sinister stories of their victims to keep them motivated. They have a military order and get rewarded for their evil actions, which include Satanism, and symbols and yellow-orange-black colors. However, fresh recruits must wear pink - and the highest elite wears yellow ties with dark suits.
 
Even dashes of yellow or orange in their ties may signal their recruitment as well as yellow shirts or other objects with that color for signalling.
 
Too many world leaders fit into this signalling. However, it is quite possible they are only used as fronts for this global organization without any knowledge of it's criminal activity in the field against innocent people. Mass media and big industry are also infiltrated.
 
Who are the targets? Experimentation with soldiers and prisoners may continue, as well as handicapped children, mental patients, homosexuals and single women. They are still experimental guinea pigs for electronic and chemical warfare. But today ANYONE can become a target, even those who invented the system.
 
Researchers who find out about this secret radiation of the population become targets themselves.
 
The U.S. Senate discussed the issue on January 22, 1997. The U.S. Air Force's "Commando Solo" aircraft have been used to send subliminal radio frequency messages to manipulate even the minds of foreign nations in their elections. Haiti and Bosnia are a couple of recent examples.
 
In July 1994 the U.S. Department of Defense proposed the use of "non-lethal" weapons against anyone engaged in activities the DoD opposes. Thus opposing political views, economic competitors, counterculture individuals and so forth can be beamed to sickness or death.
 
The Psychiatric Diagnostic Statistical Manual (DSM) for mental disorders has been a brilliant cover up operation in 18 languages to hide the atrocities of military and intelligence agencies' actions towards their targets. THE MANUAL LISTS ALL MIND CONTROL ACTIONS AS SIGNS OF PARANOID SCHIZOPHRENIA.
 
If a target is under surveillance with modern technology via TV, radio, telephone, loudspeakers, lasers, microwaves, poisoned with mind altering drugs via airducts, giving familiar smells which cause headache, nausea and so forth, if he claims his clothes are poisoned, his food or tap water as well --- all medical schools teach their students that the person is paranoid, ESPECIALLY if he believes intelligence agencies are behind it all.
 
Never is the medical profession told that these are routine actions all over the world by intelligence agencies against their targets. Thus, victims of mind control are falsely considered mentally ill and get no help since they are not believed and their suffering is doubled by ignorant health professionals.
 
The unethical abuses of power by individuals in charge of biomedical telemetry are incomprehensible to normal people.
 
The goal of mind control is to program an individual to carry out any mission of espionage or assassination even against their will and self- preservation instict and to control the absolute behavior and thought patterns of the individual. The purpose of mind control is to disrupt memory, discredit people through aberrant behavior, to make them insane or to commit suicide or murder.
 
How is it possible that this technology is not stopped by political top authorities? They themselves will also be targets someday, a fact they have not always realized. How much are they involved?
 
This year the 1999 European Parliament in "Resolution on Environment, Security, and Forein Policy", in paragraphs 23, 24, and 27 calls for "non-lethal" weapons technology and development of new arms strategies to be covered and regulated by international conventions.
 
Also, it calls for an international convention introducing a GLOBAL BAN on all developments and deployments of weapons which might enable ANY FORM OF MANIPULATION OF HUMAN BEINGS.
 
Project HAARP in Alaska is a global concern, and calls for it's legal, ecological, and ethical implications to be examined by an international independent body before any further research and testing.
 
It is possible that the USA will ignore those resolutions. The dangers of non-lethal mind control weapons were already revealed in an expert meeting of the International Committee of the Red Cross in Geneva, in July 1994.
 
Only increased public awareness of the microchip implants, their frightful consequences to privacy by influencing of individuals' thoughts and actions, causing people to become biological robots with physical and emotional pain whenever the supercomputer technician so wishes, is enough reason to refuse to take the chip into your body for whatever reason.
 
It is the biggest threat to humanity and the most sinister plan to enslave the human race forever.
 
If you have a choice and want to remain a normal human being with privacy, do not have your children nor yourself implanted with a DNA microchip. Otherwise your vision, hearing, sensing, thoughts, dreams and subconscious will be influenced by an outsider, who does not have your best interests in mind.
 




-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Navy particulate patent, various extracts from pertinent sources

Inventor(s):Werle; Donald K. , Hillside, ILKasparas; Romas , Riverside, IL

Katz; Sidney , Chicago, IL
Applicant(s):
The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy, Washington,
Issued/Filed Dates: Aug. 12, 1975 / July 22, 1974
Application Number: US1974000490610
IPC Class: B64D 1/16;
Class: Current: 244/136; 040/213; 116/214; 241/005;
Original: 244/136; 040/213; 116/114.F; 241/005;
Field of Search: 244/136 040/213 241/5,29 222/3;4 239/171 116/28 R,114
R,114 F,114 N,124 R,124 B,124 C
Legal Status: Gazette date Code Description (remarks) List all possible codes for US
Aug. 12, 1975 A Patent
--
July 22, 1974 AE Application data
--
Abstract

Light scattering pigment powder particles, surface treated to minimize inparticle cohesive forces, are dispensed from a jet mill deagglomerator as separate single particles to produce a powder contrail having maximum visibility or radiation scattering ability for a given weight material.
Attorney, Agent, or Firm: Sciascia; Richard S.; St. Amand; Joseph M.; Primary/Assistant Examiners: Blix; Trygve M.; Kelmachter; Barry L.

U.S. References: Show the 1 patent that references this one
Patent Issued Inventor(s)
Title
US1619183* 3 /1927 Bradner et al.
US2045865* 6 /1936 Morey
US2591988* 4 /1952 Willcox
US3531310 9 /1970 Goodspeed et al. PRODUCTION OF IMPROVED METAL
OXIDE PIGMENT
USR0015771* 2 /1924 Savage
* some details unavailable

CLAIMS:
1. Contrail generation apparatus for producing a powder contrail having
maximum radiation
scattering ability for a given weight material, comprising:

a. an aerodynamic housing;
b. a jet tube means passing through said housing, said tube means having an inlet at a forward end of said housing and an exhaust at a rearward end thereof;
c. a powder storage means in said housing;
d. a deagglomeration means also in said housing;
e. means connecting said powder storage means with said deagglomeration
means for feeding
radiation scattering powder from said powder storage means to said deagglomeration means;
f. the output of said deagglomeration means dispensing directly into said jet tube means for
exhausting deagglomerated powder particles into the atmosphere to form a contrail; and
h. means for controlling the flow of said powder from said storage means to said deagglomeration means.

2. Apparatus as in claim 1 wherein said jet tube means is a ram air jet tube.
3. Apparatus as in claim 1 wherein an upstream deflector baffle is provided at the output of said
deagglomeration means into said jet tube means to produce a venturi effect for minimizing back
pressure on said powder feeding means.
4. Apparatus as in claim 1 wherein said deagglomerator means comprises:

a. means for subjecting powder particles from said powder storage means to a hammering action to aerate and precondition the powder; and
b. a jet mill means to further deagglomerate the powder into separate particles.

5. Apparatus as in claim 4 wherein pressurized gas means is provided for operating said
deagglomeration means.
6. Apparatus as in claim 1 wherein said radiation scattering powder
particles are titanium
dioxide pigment having a median particle size of about 0.3 microns.
7. Apparatus as in claim 1 wherein said radiation scattering powder
particles have a coating of extremely fine hydrophobic colloidal silica thereon to minimize interparticle cohesive forces.
8. Apparatus as in claim 1 wherein the formulation of said powder consists of 85% by weight of
TiO2 pigment of approximately 0.3 micron media particle size, 10% by weight of colloidal silica of
0.007 micron primary particle size, and 5% by weight of silica gel having an average particle size of 4.5 microns.
9. The method of producing a light radiation scattering contrail, comprising:

a. surface treating light scattering powder particles to minimize
interparticle cohesive forces;
b. deagglomerating said powder particles in two stages prior to dispensing into a jet tube
by subjecting said powder particles to a hammering action in the first stage to aerate and
precondition the powder, and by passing said powder through a jet mill in the second stage
to further deagglomerate the powder;
c. dispensing the deagglomerated powder from the jet mill directly into a jet tube for
exhausting said powder into the atmosphere, thus forming a contrail.

10. A method as in claim 9 wherein said light scattering powder particles is titanium dioxide pigment.
11. A method as in claim 9 wherein said powder particles are treated with a coating of extremely
fine hydrophobic colloidal silica to minimize interparticle cohesive forces.
12. A method as in claim 11 wherein said treated powder particles are further protected with a silica gel powder.

Background/Summary:

BACKGROUND

The present invention relates to method and apparatus for contrail generation and the like. An earlier known method in use for contrail generation involves oil smoke trails produced by injecting liquid oil directly into the hot jet exhaust of an aircraft target vehicle. The oil vaporizes and recondenses being the aircraft producing a brilliant white trail. Oil smoke trail production requires a minimum of equipment; and, the material is low in cost and readily available. However, oil smoke requires a heat source to vaporize the liquid oil and not all aircraft target vehicles, notably towed targets, have such a heat source. Also, at altitudes above about 25,000 feet oil smoke visibility degrades rapidly.

SUMMARY

The present invention is for a powder generator requiring no heat source to emit a "contrail" with sufficient visibility to aid in visual acquisition of an aircraft target vehicle and the like. The term "contrail" was adopted for convenience in identifying the visible powder trail of this invention. Aircraft target vehicles are used to simulate aerial threats for missile tests and often fly at altitudes between 5,000 and 20,000 feet at speeds of 300 and 400 knots or more. The present invention is also suitable for use in other aircraft vehicles to generate contrails or reflective screens for any desired purpose. The powder contail generator is normally carried on an aircraft in a pod containing a ram air tube and powder feed hopper. Powder particles, surface treated to minimize interparticle cohesive forces are fed from the hopper to a deagglomerator and then to the ram air tube for dispensing as separate single particles to produce a contrail having maximum visibility for a given weight material. Other object, advantages and novel features of the invention will become apparent from the following detailed description of the invention when considered in conjunction with the accompanying drawing.

Drawing Descriptions:

DESCRIPTION OF DRAWING

FIG. 1 is a schematic sectional side-view of a powder contrail generator of the present invention.


DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

The powder contail generator in pod 10, shown in FIG. 1, is provided with a powder feed hopper 12 positioned in the center section of the pod and which feeds a powder 13 to a deagglomerator 14 by means of screw conveyors 16 across the bottom of the hopper. The deagglomerator 14 produces two stages of action. In the first stage of deagglomeration, a shaft 18 having projecting radial rods 19 in compartment 20 is rotated by an air motor 21, or other suitable drive means. The shaft 18 is rotated at about 10,000 rpm, for example. As powder 13 descends through the first stage compartment 20 of the deagglomeration chamber, the hammering action of rotating rods 19 serves to aerate and precondition the powder before the second stage of deagglomeration takes place in the jet mill section 22. In the jet mill 22, a plurality of radial jets 24 (e.g., six 0.050 inch diamter radial jets) direct nitrogen gas (at e.g., 120 psig) inward to provide energy for further deagglomeration of the powder. The N2, or other suitable gas, is provided from storage tanks 25 and 26, for example, in the pod.

The jet mill 22 operates in a similar manner to commercial fluid energy mills except that there is no provision for recirculation of oversize particles. Tests with the deagglomerator show that at a feed rate of approximately 11/2 lb/min, treated titanium dioxide powder pigment is effectively dispersed as single particles with very few agglomerates evident.

The nitrogen gas stored in cylinder tanks 25 and 26 is charged to 1800 psig, for example. Two stages of pressure reduction, for example, by pressure reduction valves 28 and 29, bring the final delivery pressure at the radial jets 24 and to the air motor 21 to approximately 120 psig. A solenoid valve 30 on the 120 psig line is connected in parallel with the electric motor 32 which operates the powder feeder screws 16 for simultaneous starting and running of the powder feed, the air motor and the jet mill deagglomerator.

Air enters ram air tube 34 at its entrance 35 and the exhaust from the jet mill deagglomerator passes directly into the ram air tube. At the deagglomerator exhaust 36 into ram air tube 34, an upstream deflector baffle 38 produces a venturi effect which minimizes back pressure on the powder feed system. The powder is then jetted from the exhaust end 40 of the ram air tube to produce a contrail. A pressure equalization tube, not shown, can be used to connect the top of the closed hopper 12 to the deagglomeration chamber 14. A butterfly valve could be provided at the powder hopper outlet 39 to completely isolate and seal off the powder supply when not in use. Powder 13 could then be stored in hopper 12 for several weeks, without danger of picking up excessive moisture, and still be adequately dispensed.

Preparation of the light scatter powder 13 is of a critical importance to production of a powder "contrail" having maximum visibility for a given weight of material. It is essential that the pigment powder particles be dispensed as separate single particles rather than as agglomerates of two or more particles. The powder treatment produces the most easily dispersed powder through the use of surface treatments which minimize interparticle cohesive forces. Titanium dioxide pigment was selected as the primary light scattering material because of its highly efficient light scattering ability and commercially available pigment grades. Titanium dioxide pigment (e.g., DuPont R--931) with a median particle size of about 0.3µ has a high bulk density and is not readily aerosolizable as a submicron cloud without the consumption of a large amount of deagglomeration energy. In order to reduce the energy requirement for deagglomeration, the TiO2 powder is specially treated with a hydrophobic colloidal silica which coats and separates the individual TiO2 pigment particles. The extremely fine particulate nature (0.007µ primary particle size) of Cobot S--101 Silanox grade, for example, of colloidal silica minimizes the amount needed to coat and separate the TiO2 particles, and the hydrophobic surface minimizes the affinity of the powder for absorbtion of moisture from the atmosphere. Adsorbed moisture in powders causes liquid bridges at interparticle contacts and it then becomes necessary to overcome the adsorbed-liquid surface tension forces as well as the weaker Van der Waals' forces before the particles can be separated.

The Silanox treated titanium dioxide pigment is further protected from the deleterious effects of adsorbed moisture by incorporation of silica gel. The silica gel preferentially adsorbs water vapor that the powder may be exposed to after drying and before use. The silica gel used is a powder product, such as Syloid 65 from the W. R Grace and Co., Davison Chemical Division, and has an average particle size about 4.5µ and a large capacity for moisture at low humidities.

A typical powder composition used is shown in Table 1. This formulation was blended intimately with a Patterson-Kelley Co. twin shell dry LB-model LB--2161 with intensifier. Batches of 1500 g were blended for 15 min. each and packaged in 5-lb cans. The bulk density of the blended powder is 0.22 g/cc. Since deagglomeration is facilitated by having the powder bone dry, the powder should be predried before sealing the cans. In view of long periods (e.g., about 4 months) between powder preparation and use it is found preferable to spread the powder in a thin layer in an open container and place in a 400°F over two days before planned usage. The powder is removed and placed in the hopper about 2 hours before use.


Table 1
_______________________
CONTRAIL POWDER FORMULATION
Ingredient % by Weight
_______________________
TiO2 (e.g., DuPont R-931)
85
median particle size 0.3µ
Colloidal Silica (e.g., Cabot S-101 Silanox)
10
primary particle size 0.007µ
Silica gel (e.g., Syloid 65)
5
average particle size 4.5µ
______________________


Other type powder compositions can also be used with the apparatus described herein. For example, various powder particles which reflect electromagnetic radiation can be dispensed as a chaff or the like from the contrail generator.

Obviously many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in the light of the above teachings. It is therefore to be understood that within the scope of the appended claims the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically described.



----------------------------
----------------------------

Radio Communication Utilizing the Base of a Striated Barium Plasma
http://stinet.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/fulcrum_main.pl?database3DTR_U2&database3DFT_U
2
&numrecords3D25&search.DOC_TEXT3Dbarium

A0 (This is hit 16 of 25.) A0

AD Number: ADA072167
Subject Categories: RADIO COMMUNICATIONS
Corporate Author: MISSION RESEARCH CORP SANTA BARBARA CALIF
Title: Radio Communication Utilizing the Base of a Striated Barium Plasma.
Descriptive Note: Topical rept. Apr-Jul 78,
Personal Authors: Fulks,G. J. ;Scott,L. D. ;Sowle,D. H. ;Wortman,W. R. ;
Report Date: JUL 1978
Pages: 43 PAGES20
Report Number: MRC-R-401-R
Contract Number: DNA001-78-C-0237
Project Number: S99QAXH TASKNUMBER: B053
Monitor Acronym: DNA,SBI
Monitor Series: 4670T,AD-E300 465
Descriptors: *RADIO TRANSMISSION, *STRIATIONS, NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS, HIGH
FREQUENCY, PLASMAS(PHYSICS), REFLECTION, NUCLEAR EXPLOSION SIMULATION, CROS
S
SECTIONS, HIGH ALTITUDE, NUCLEAR CLOUDS, COMMUNICATION AND RADIO SYSTEMS,
RADIO SIGNALS, BARIUM, BOTTOM, RADIO RECEPTION.
Identifiers: Avefria operations, Barium clouds, Cloud bases, Base
reflection, PE62704H, WU09
Abstract: In conjunction with the DNA barium releases, Avefria I and II, an
experiment was undertaken to determine if radio communication was possible
off the base of a striated plasma created by these barium releases. A
transmitting station was set up to broadcast a steady signal at two HF
frequencies toward the base of the barium striations and two receiving
stations listened for signal returns on the two frequencies. (The chosen
geometry prevented reflections off the sides of the barium cloud from
affecting the experiment). One station heard substantial returns while the
other heard nothing. Data from the first station provide an estimate of the
reflection cross sections for the base of the striated barium cloud. The
negative result from the second station arises partly from limited
sensitivity of equipment but the upper limit on cross section was less than
that seen from the first station. This suggests a directional character for
the signal reflected from the base of the cloud.
Limitation Code: APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE
Source Code: 406548


----------------------------
----------------------------

barium reference in haarp patent
[HAARP]
UNITED STATES PATENT
Eastlund
Patent Number: 4,686,605 Date of Patent: Aug. 11, 1987
METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ALTERING A REGION IN THE EARTH'S
ATMOSPHERE, IONOSPHERE, AND/OR MAGNETOSPHERE

Other proposals which have been advanced for altering existing
belts of trapped electrons and ions and/or establishing similar
artificial belts include injecting charged particles from a
satellite carrying a payload of radioactive beta-decay material
or alpha emitters; and injecting charged particles from a
satellite-borne electron accelerator. Still another approach is
described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,042,196 wherein a low energy ionized
gas, e.g., hydrogen, is released from a synchronous orbiting
satellite near the apex of a radiation belt which is
naturally-occurring in the earth's magnetosphere to produce a
substantial increase in energetic particle precipitation and,
under certain conditions, produce a limit in the number of
particles that can be stably trapped. This precipitation effect
arises from an enhancement of the whistler-mode and ion-cyclotron
mode interactions that result from the ionized gas or "cold
plasma" injection.

It has also been proposed to release large clouds of barium in
the magnetosphere so that photoionization will increase the cold
plasma density, thereby producing electron precipitation through
enhanced whistler-mode interaction.

However, in all of the above-mentioned approaches, the mechanisms
involved in triggering the change in the trapped particle
phenomena must be actually positioned within the affected zone,
e.g., the magnetosphere, before they can be actuated to effect
the desired change.



----------------------------
----------------------------

Barium


Barium is a chemical element. It has the symbol Ba, and atomic number 56. Barium is a soft silvery metallic alkaline earth metal. It is never found in nature in its pure form due to its reactivity with air. Its oxide is historically known as baryta but it reacts with water and carbon dioxide and is not found as a mineral. The most common naturally occurring minerals are the very insoluble barium sulfate, BaSO4 (barite), and barium carbonate, BaCO3 (witherite). Benitoite is a rare gem containing barium.
Contents
[hide]

* 1 Notable characteristics
* 2 Applications
* 3 History
* 4 Occurrence
* 5 Compounds
* 6 Isotopes
* 7 Precautions
* 8 References
* 9 External links

Notable characteristics

Barium is a metallic element that is chemically similar to calcium but more reactive. This metal oxidizes very easily when exposed to air and is highly reactive with water or alcohol, producing hydrogen gas. Burning in air or oxygen produces not just barium oxide (BaO) but also the peroxide. Simple compounds of this heavy element are notable for their high specific gravity. This is true of the most common barium-bearing mineral, its sulfate barite BaSO4, also called 'heavy spar' due to the high density.

Applications

Barium has some medical and many industrial uses:

* Barium compounds, and especially barite (BaSO4), are extremely important to the petroleum industry. Barite is used in drilling mud, a weighting agent in drilling new oil wells.
* Barium sulfate is used as a radiocontrast agent for X-ray imaging of the digestive system ("barium meals" and "barium enemas").
* Barium carbonate is a useful rat poison and can also be used in making bricks. Unlike the sulfate, the carbonate dissolves in stomach acid, allowing it to be poisonous.
* An alloy with nickel is used in spark plug wire.
* Barium oxide is used in a coating for the electrodes of fluorescent lamps, which facilitates the release of electrons.
* The metal is a "getter" in vacuum tubes, to remove the last traces of oxygen.
* Barium carbonate is used in glassmaking. Being a heavy element, barium increases the refractive index and luster of the glass.
* Barite is used extensively in rubber production.
* Barium nitrate and chlorate give green colors in fireworks.
* Impure barium sulfide phosphoresces after exposure to the light.
* Lithopone, a pigment that contains barium sulfate and zinc sulfide, is a permanent white that has good covering power, and does not darken in when exposed to sulfides.
* Barium peroxide can be used as a catalyst to start an aluminothermic reaction when welding rail tracks together. It can also be used in green tracer ammunition.
* Barium titanate was proposed in 2007[2] to be used in next generation battery technology for electric cars.
* Barium Fluoride is used in infrared applications.
* Barium is a key element in YBCO superconductors.

History

Barium (Greek barys, meaning "heavy") was first identified in 1774 by Carl Scheele and extracted in 1808 by Sir Humphry Davy in England. The oxide was at first called barote, by Guyton de Morveau, which was changed by Antoine Lavoisier to baryta, from which "barium" was derived to describe the metal.

Occurrence

Because barium quickly becomes oxidized in air, it is difficult to obtain this metal in its pure form. It is primarily found in and extracted from the mineral barite which is crystallized barium sulfate. Because barite is so insoluble, it cannot be used directly for the preparation of other barium compounds. Instead, the ore is heated with carbon to reduce it to barium sulfide[1]

BaSO4 + 2C °ú BaS + 2CO2

The barium sulfide is then hydrolyzed or reacted with acids to form other barium compounds such as the chloride, nitrate, and carbonate.

Barium is commercially produced through the electrolysis of molten barium chloride (BaCl2) Isolation (* follow):

(cathode) Ba2+* + 2e- °ú Ba
(anode) Cl-* °ú Å0Ü5Cl2 (g) + e-

Compounds

The most important compounds are barium peroxide, barium chloride, sulfate, carbonate, nitrate, and chlorate.

Isotopes

Main article: isotopes of barium

Naturally occurring barium is a mix of seven stable isotopes. There are twenty-two isotopes known, but most of these are highly radioactive and have half-lives in the several millisecond to several minute range. The only notable exceptions are 133Ba which has a half-life of 10.51 years, and 137mBa (2.55 minutes).

Precautions

All water or acid soluble barium compounds are extremely poisonous. At low doses, barium acts as a muscle stimulant, while higher doses affect the nervous system, causing cardiac irregularities, tremors, weakness, anxiety, dyspnea and paralysis. This may be due to its ability to block potassium ion channels which are critical to the proper function of the nervous system.

Barium sulfate can be taken orally because it is highly insoluble in water, and is eliminated completely from the digestive tract. Unlike other heavy metals, barium does not bioaccumulate.[2] However, inhaled dust containing barium compounds can accumulate in the lungs, causing a benign condition called baritosis.

Oxidation occurs very easily and, to remain pure, barium should be kept under a petroleum-based fluid (such as kerosene) or other suitable oxygen-free liquids that exclude air.

Barium acetate could lead to death in high doses. Marie Robards poisoned her father with the substance in Texas in 1993. She was tried and convicted in 1996.

References

1. Toxicological Profile for Barium and Barium Compounds. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, CDC. 2007. [1]
2. Toxicity Profiles, Ecological Risk Assessment | Region 5 Superfund | US EPA

External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Barium
Look up barium in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

* WebElements.com ®C Barium
* Elementymology & Elements Multidict

Periodic Table[show]
H He
Li Be B C N O F Ne
Na Mg Al Si P S Cl Ar
K Ca Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn Ga Ge As Se Br Kr
Rb Sr Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd In Sn Sb Te I Xe
Cs Ba La Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg Tl Pb Bi Po At Rn
Fr Ra Ac Th Pa U Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md No Lr Rf Db Sg Bh Hs Mt Ds Rg Uub Uut Uuq Uup Uuh Uus Uuo

Alkali metals Alkaline earth metals Lanthanides Actinides Transition elements Other metals Metalloids Other nonmetals Halogens Noble gases


Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barium"
Categories: Chemical elements | Alkaline earth metals | Toxicology | Barium | Barium compounds | Barium minerals


----------------------------
----------------------------




Chronic Barium Intoxication
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmdRetrieve&dbpubmed&doptAbstrac
tPlus&list_uids15082100&query_hl2
Chronic barium intoxication disrupts sulphated proteoglycan synthesis: a
hypothesis for the origins of multiple sclerosis.
Purdey M.
High Barn Farm, Elworthy, Taunton, Somerset TA43PX, UK. tsepurdey@aol.com
High level contamination by natural and industrial sources of the alkali
earth metal, barium (Ba) has been identified in the ecosystems/workplaces
that are associated with high incidence clustering of multiple sclerosis
(MS) and other neurodegenerative diseases such as the transmissible
spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).
Analyses of ecosystems supporting the most renowned MS clusters in
Saskatchewan, Sardinia, Massachusetts, Colorado, Guam, NE Scotland
demonstrated consistently elevated levels of Ba in soils (mean: 1428 ppm)
and vegetation (mean: 74 ppm) in relation to mean levels of 345 and 19 ppm
recorded in MS-free regions adjoining. The high levels of Ba stemmed from
local quarrying for Ba ores and/or use of Ba in
paper/foundry/welding/textile/oil and gas well related industries, as well
as from the use of Ba as an atmospheric aerosol spray for
enhancing/refracting the signalling of radio/radar waves along military jet
flight paths, missile test ranges, etc. It is proposed that chronic
contamination of the biosystem with the reactive types of Ba salts can
initiate the pathogenesis of MS; due to the conjugation of Ba with free
sulphate, which subsequently deprives the endogenous sulphated proteoglycan
molecules (heparan sulfates) of their sulphate co partner, thereby
disrupting synthesis of S-proteoglycans and their crucial role in the
fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signalling which induces oligodendrocyte
progenitors to maintain the growth and structural integrity of the myelin
sheath. Loss of S-proteoglycan activity explains other key facets of MS
pathogenesis; such as the aggregation of platelets and the proliferation of
superoxide generated oxidative stress. Ba intoxications disturb the
sodium-potassium ion pump--another key feature of the MS profile. The
co-clustering of various neurodegenerative diseases in these Ba-contaminated
ecosystems suggests that the pathogenesis of all of these diseases could
pivot upon a common disruption of the sulphated proteoglycan-growth factor
mediated signalling systems. Individual genetics dictates which specific
disease emerges at the end of the day.
PMID: 15082100 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]




----------------------------
----------------------------

A Partial List Of Patents Pertaining to ENMOD

Thanks to Lorie Kramer the Seektress

1338343 - April 27, 1920 - Process And Apparatus For The Production of Intense Artificial Clouds, Fogs, or Mists
1619183 - March 1, 1927 - Process of Producing Smoke Clouds From Moving Aircraft
1631753 - June 7, 1927 - Electric Heater - Referenced in 3990987
1665267 - April 10, 1928 - Process of Producing Artificial Fogs
1892132 - December 27, 1932 - Atomizing Attachment For Airplane Engine Exhausts
1928963 - October 3, 1933 - Electrical System And Method
1957075 - May 1, 1934 - Airplane Spray Equipment
2097581 - November 2, 1937 - Electric Stream Generator - Referenced in 3990987
2409201 - October 15, 1946 - Smoke Producing Mixture
2476171 - July 18, 1945 - Smoke Screen Generator
2480967 - September 6, 1949 - Aerial Discharge Device
2550324 - April 24, 1951 - Process For Controlling Weather
2510867 - October 9, 1951 - Method of Crystal Formation and Precipitation
2582678 - June 15, 1952 - Material Disseminating Apparatus For Airplanes
2591988 - April 8, 1952 - Production of TiO2 Pigments - Referenced in 3899144
2614083 - October 14, 1952 - Metal Chloride Screening Smoke Mixture
2633455 - March 31, 1953 - Smoke Generator
2688069 - August 31, 1954 - Steam Generator - Referenced in 3990987
2721495 - October 25, 1955 - Method And Apparatus For Detecting Minute Crystal Forming Particles Suspended in a Gaseous Atmosphere
2730402 - January 10, 1956 - Controllable Dispersal Device
2801322 - July 30, 1957 - Decomposition Chamber for Monopropellant Fuel - Referenced in 3990987
2881335 - April 7, 1959 - Generation of Electrical Fields
2908442 - October 13, 1959 - Method For Dispersing Natural Atmospheric Fogs And Clouds
2986360 - May 30, 1962 - Aerial Insecticide Dusting Device
2963975 - December 13, 1960 - Cloud Seeding Carbon Dioxide Bullet
3126155 - March 24, 1964 - Silver Iodide Cloud Seeding Generator - Referenced in 3990987
3127107 - March 31, 1964 - Generation of Ice-Nucleating Crystals
3131131 - April 28, 1964 - Electrostatic Mixing in Microbial Conversions
3174150 - March 16, 1965 - Self-Focusing Antenna System
3234357 - February 8, 1966 - Electrically Heated Smoke Producing Device
3274035 - September 20, 1966 - Metallic Composition For Production of Hydroscopic Smoke
3300721 - January 24, 1967 - Means For Communication Through a Layer of Ionized Gases
3313487 - April 11, 1967 - Cloud Seeding Apparatus
3338476 - August 29, 1967 - Heating Device For Use With Aerosol Containers - Referenced in 3990987
3410489 - November 12, 1968 - Automatically Adjustable Airfoil Spray System With Pump
3429507 - February 25, 1969 - Rainmaker
3432208 - November 7, 1967 - Fluidized Particle Dispenser
3441214 - April 29, 1969 - Method And Apparatus For Seeding Clouds
3445844 - May 20, 1969 - Trapped Electromagnetic Radiation Communications System
3456880 - July 22, 1969 - Method Of Producing Precipitation From The Atmosphere
3518670 June 30, 1970 - Artificial Ion Cloud
3534906 - October 20, 1970 - Control of Atmospheric Particles
3545677 - December 8, 1970 - Method of Cloud Seeding
3564253 - February 16, 1971 - System And Method For Irradiation Of Planet Surface Areas
3587966 - June 28, 1971 - Freezing Nucleation
3601312 - August 24, 1971 - Methods of Increasing The Likelihood oF Precipatation By The Artificial Introduction Of Sea Water Vapor Into The Atmosphere Winward Of An Air Lift Region
3608810 - September 28, 1971 - Methods of Treating Atmospheric Conditions
3608820 - September 20, 1971 - Treatment of Atmospheric Conditions by Intermittent Dispensing of Materials Therein
3613992 - October 19, 1971 - Weather Modification Method
3630950 - December 28, 1971 - Combustible Compositions For Generating Aerosols, Particularly Suitable For Cloud Modification And Weather Control And Aerosolization Process
USRE29142 - This patent is a reissue of patent US3630950 - Combustible compositions for generating aerosols, particularly suitable for cloud modification and weather control and aerosolization process
3659785 - December 8, 1971 - Weather Modification Utilizing Microencapsulated Material
3666176 - March 3, 1972 - Solar Temperature Inversion Device
3677840 - July 18, 1972 - Pyrotechnics Comprising Oxide of Silver For Weather Modification Use
3722183 - March 27, 1973 - Device For Clearing Impurities From The Atmosphere
3769107 - October 30, 1973 - Pyrotechnic Composition For Generating Lead Based Smoke
3784099 - January 8, 1974 - Air Pollution Control Method
3785557 - January 15, 1974 - Cloud Seeding System
3795626 - March 5, 1974 - Weather Modification Process
3808595 - April 30, 1974 - Chaff Dispensing System
3813875 - June 4, 1974 - Rocket Having Barium Release System to Create Ion Clouds In The Upper Atmopsphere
3835059 - September 10, 1974 - Methods of Generating Ice Nuclei Smoke Particles For Weather Modification And Apparatus Therefore
3835293 - September 10, 1974 - Electrical Heating Aparatus For Generating Super Heated Vapors - Referenced in 3990987
3877642 - April 15, 1975 - Freezing Nucleant
3882393 - May 6, 1975 - Communications System Utilizing Modulation of The Characteristic Polarization of The Ionosphere
3896993 - July 29, 1975 - Process For Local Modification of Fog And Clouds For Triggering Their Precipitation And For Hindering The Development of Hail Producing Clouds
3899129 - August 12, 1975 - Apparatus for generating ice nuclei smoke particles for weather modification
3899144 - August 12, 1975 - Powder contrail generation
3940059 - February 24, 1976 - Method For Fog Dispersion
3940060 - February 24, 1976 - Vortex Ring Generator
3990987 - November 9, 1976 - Smoke generator
3992628 - November 16, 1976 - Countermeasure system for laser radiation
3994437 - November 30, 1976 - Broadcast dissemination of trace quantities of biologically active chemicals
4042196 - August 16, 1977 - Method and apparatus for triggering a substantial change in earth characteristics and measuring earth changes
RE29,142 - February 22, 1977 - Reissue of: 03630950 - Combustible compositions for generating aerosols, particularly suitable for cloud modification and weather control and aerosolization process
4035726 - July 12, 1977 - Method of controlling and/or improving high-latitude and other communications or radio wave surveillance systems by partial control of radio wave et al
4096005 - June 20, 1978 - Pyrotechnic Cloud Seeding Composition
4129252 - December 12, 1978 - Method and apparatus for production of seeding materials
4141274 - February 27, 1979 - Weather modification automatic cartridge dispenser
4167008 - September 4, 1979 - Fluid bed chaff dispenser
4347284 - August 31, 1982 - White cover sheet material capable of reflecting ultraviolet rays
4362271 - December 7, 1982 - Procedure for the artificial modification of atmospheric precipitation as well as compounds with a dimethyl sulfoxide base for use in carrying out said procedure
4402480 - September 6, 1983 - Atmosphere modification satellite
4412654 - November 1, 1983 - Laminar microjet atomizer and method of aerial spraying of liquids
4415265 - November 15, 1983 - Method and apparatus for aerosol particle absorption spectroscopy
4470544 - September 11, 1984 - Method of and Means for weather modification
4475927 - October 9, 1984 - Bipolar Fog Abatement System
4600147 - July 15, 1986 - Liquid propane generator for cloud seeding apparatus
4633714 - January 6, 1987 - Aerosol particle charge and size analyzer
4643355 - February 17, 1987 - Method and apparatus for modification of climatic conditions
4653690 - March 31, 1987 - Method of producing cumulus clouds
4684063 - August 4, 1987 - Particulates generation and removal
4686605 - August 11, 1987 - Method and apparatus for altering a region in the earth's atmosphere, ionosphere, and/or magnetosphere
4704942 - November 10, 1987 - Charged Aerosol
4712155 - December 8, 1987 - Method and apparatus for creating an artificial electron cyclotron heating region of plasma
4744919 - May 17, 1988 - Method of dispersing particulate aerosol tracer
4766725 - August 30, 1988 - Method of suppressing formation of contrails and solution therefor
4829838 - May 16, 1989 - Method and apparatus for the measurement of the size of particles entrained in a gas
4836086 - June 6, 1989 - Apparatus and method for the mixing and diffusion of warm and cold air for dissolving fog
4873928 - October 17, 1989 - Nuclear-sized explosions without radiation
4948257 - August 14, 1990 - Laser optical measuring device and method for stabilizing fringe pattern spacing
4948050 - August 14, 1990 - Liquid atomizing apparatus for aerial spraying
4999637 - March 12, 1991 - Creation of artificial ionization clouds above the earth
5003186 - March 26, 1991 - Stratospheric Welsbach seeding for reduction of global warming
5005355 - April 9, 1991 - Method of suppressing formation of contrails and solution therefor
5038664 - August 13, 1991 - Method for producing a shell of relativistic particles at an altitude above the earths surface
5041760 - August 20, 1991 - Method and apparatus for generating and utilizing a compound plasma configuration
5041834 - August 20, 1991 - Artificial ionospheric mirror composed of a plasma layer which can be tilted
5056357 - October 15, 1991- Acoustic method for measuring properties of a mobile medium
5059909 - October 22, 1991 - Determination of particle size and electrical charge
5104069 - April 14, 1992 - Apparatus and method for ejecting matter from an aircraft
5110502 - May 5, 1992 - Method of suppressing formation of contrails and solution therefor
5156802 - October 20, 1992 - Inspection of fuel particles with acoustics
5174498 - December 29, 1992 - Cloud Seeding
5148173 - September 15, 1992 - Millimeter wave screening cloud and method
5245290 - September 14, 1993 - Device for determining the size and charge of colloidal particles by measuring electroacoustic effect
5286979 - February 15, 1994 - Process for absorbing ultraviolet radiation using dispersed melanin
5296910 - March 22, 1994 - Method and apparatus for particle analysis
5327222 - July 5, 1994 - Displacement information detecting apparatus
5357865 - October 25, 1994 - Method of cloud seeding
5360162 - November 1, 1994 - Method and composition for precipitation of atmospheric water
5383024 - January 17, 1995 - Optical wet steam monitor
5425413 - June 20, 1995 - Method to hinder the formation and to break-up overhead atmospheric inversions, enhance ground level air circulation and improve urban air quality
5434667 - July 18, 1995 - Characterization of particles by modulated dynamic light scattering
5441200 - August 15, 1995 - Tropical cyclone disruption
5486900 - January 23, 1996 - Measuring device for amount of charge of toner and image forming apparatus having the measuring device
5556029 - September 17, 1996 - Method of hydrometeor dissipation (clouds)
5628455 - May 13, 1997 - Method and apparatus for modification of supercooled fog
5631414 - May 20, 1997 - Method and device for remote diagnostics of ocean-atmosphere system state
5639441 - June 17, 1997 - Methods for fine particle formation
5762298 - June 9, 1998 - Use of artificial satellites in earth orbits adaptively to modify the effect that solar radiation would otherwise have on earth's weather
5912396 - June 15, 1999 - System and method for remediation of selected atmospheric conditions
5922976 - July 13, 1999 - Method of measuring aerosol particles using automated mobility-classified aerosol detector
5949001 - September 7, 1999 - Method for aerodynamic particle size analysis
5984239 - November 16, 1999 - Weather modification by artificial satellite
6025402 - February 15, 2000 - Chemical composition for effectuating a reduction of visibility obscuration, and a detoxifixation of fumes and chemical fogs in spaces of fire origin
6030506 - February 29, 2000 - Preparation of independently generated highly reactive chemical species
6034073 - March 7, 2000 - Solvent detergent emulsions having antiviral activity
6045089 - April 4, 2000 - Solar-powered airplane
6056203 - May 2, 2000 - Method and apparatus for modifying supercooled clouds
6110590 - August 29, 2000 - Synthetically spun silk nanofibers and a process for making the same
6263744 - July 24, 2001 - Automated mobility-classified-aerosol detector
6281972 - August 28, 2001 - Method and apparatus for measuring particle-size distribution
6315213 - November 13, 2001 - Method of modifying weather
6382526 - May 7, 2002 - Process and apparatus for the production of nanofibers
6408704 - June 25, 2002 - Aerodynamic particle size analysis method and apparatus
6412416 - July 2, 2002 - Propellant-based aerosol generation devices and method
6520425 - February 18, 2003 - Process and apparatus for the production of nanofibers
6539812 - April 1, 2003 - System for measuring the flow-rate of a gas by means of ultrasound
6553849 - April 29, 2003 - Electrodynamic particle size analyzer
6569393 - May 27, 2003 - Method and device for cleaning the atmosphere


Below are the first 50 results of a random patent search utilizing the keywords WIRELESS and ANTENNA

1 6,999,795 System and method utilizing dynamic beam forming for wireless communication signals
2 6,999,780 Method and system for determining the altitude of a mobile wireless device
3 6,999,724 Slowing the observed rate of channel fluctuations in a multiple antenna system
4 6,999,044 Reflector antenna system including a phased array antenna operable in multiple modes and related methods
5 6,999,041 Dual frequency antennas and associated down-conversion method
6 6,999,040 Transverse device array phase shifter circuit techniques and antennas
7 6,999,036 Mobile antenna system for satellite communications
8 6,998,937 Controlling a phase delay line by adding and removing a fluidic dielectric
9 6,998,843 RF coil and magnetic resonance imaging apparatus
10 6,997,934 Atherectomy catheter with aligned imager
11 6,997,923 Method and apparatus for EMR treatment
12 6,997,876 Ultrasound clutter filtering with iterative high pass filter selection
13 6,997,863 Thermotherapy via targeted delivery of nanoscale magnetic particles
14 6,997,555 Method for determining vision defects and for collecting data for correcting vision defects of the eye by interaction of a patient with an examiner and apparatus therefor
15 6,996,480 Structural health monitoring system utilizing guided lamb waves embedded ultrasonic structural radar
16 6,996,372 Mobility management-radio resource layer interface system and method for handling dark beam scenarios
17 6,995,884 Fluorinated crosslinked electro-optic materials and electro-optic devices therefrom
18 6,995,728 Dual ridge horn antenna
19 6,995,726 Split waveguide phased array antenna with integrated bias assembly
20 6,995,712 Antenna element
21 6,995,705 System and method for doppler track correlation for debris tracking
22 6,995,561 Multiple channel, microstrip transceiver volume array for magnetic resonance imaging
23 6,995,560 Chemical species suppression for MRI imaging using spiral trajectories with off-resonance correction
24 6,995,559 Method and system for optimized pre-saturation in MR with corrected transmitter frequency of pre-pulses
25 6,995,557 High resolution inductive sensor arrays for material and defect characterization of welds
26 6,993,898 Microwave heat-exchange thruster and method of operating the same
27 6,993,394 System method and apparatus for localized heating of tissue
28 6,993,361 System and method utilizing dynamic beam forming for wireless communication signals
29 6,993,315 Super-regenerative microwave detector
30 6,993,064 Multi-user receiving method and receiver
31 6,992,639 Hybrid-mode horn antenna with selective gain
32 6,992,638 High gain, steerable multiple beam antenna system
33 6,992,632 Low profile polarization-diverse herringbone phased array
34 6,992,621 Wireless communication and beam forming with passive beamformers
35 6,992,539 Method and apparatus of obtaining balanced phase shift
36 6,992,321 Structure and method for fabricating semiconductor structures and devices utilizing piezoelectric materials
37 6,991,917 Spatially directed ejection of cells from a carrier fluid
38 6,990,360 Pattern detection using the Bragg Effect at RF frequencies
39 6,990,338 Mobile wireless local area network and related methods
40 6,990,314 Multi-node point-to-point satellite communication system employing multiple geo satellites
41 6,990,223 Adaptive data differentiation and selection from multi-coil receiver to reduce artifacts in reconstruction
42 6,989,991 Thermal management system and method for electronic equipment mounted on coldplates
43 6,989,799 Antenna assembly including a dual flow rotating union
44 6,989,797 Adaptive antenna for use in wireless communication systems
45 6,989,795 Line-replaceable transmit/receive unit for multi-band active arrays
46 6,989,791 Antenna-integrated printed wiring board assembly for a phased array antenna system
47 6,989,787 Antenna system for satellite communication and method for tracking satellite signal using the same
48 6,989,673 Method and apparatus to reduce RF power deposition during MR data acquisition
49 6,988,411 Fluid parameter measurement for industrial sensing applications using acoustic pressures
50 6,988,026 Wireless and powerless sensor and interrogator




Space Preservation Act:



HR 2977 IH

107th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 2977

To preserve the cooperative, peaceful uses of space for the benefit of all humankind by permanently prohibiting the basing of weapons in space by the United States, and to require the President to take action to adopt and implement a world treaty banning space-based weapons.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES


October 2, 2001

Mr. KUCINICH introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Science, and in addition to the Committees on Armed Services, and International Relations, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned

------------------------------------------------------------------------

A BILL

To preserve the cooperative, peaceful uses of space for the benefit of all humankind by permanently prohibiting the basing of weapons in space by the United States, and to require the President to take action to adopt and implement a world treaty banning space-based weapons.


Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,


SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.


This Act may be cited as the `Space Preservation Act of 2001'.


SEC. 2. REAFFIRMATION OF POLICY ON THE PRESERVATION OF PEACE IN SPACE.

Congress reaffirms the policy expressed in section 102(a) of the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 (42 U.S.C. 2451(a)), stating that it `is the policy of the United States that activities in space should be devoted to peaceful purposes for the benefit of all mankind.'.


SEC. 3. PERMANENT BAN ON BASING OF WEAPONS IN SPACE.


The President shall--



(1) implement a permanent ban on space-based weapons of the United States and remove from space any existing space-based weapons of the United States; and



(2) immediately order the permanent termination of research and development, testing, manufacturing, production, and deployment of all space-based weapons of the United States and their components.


SEC. 4. WORLD AGREEMENT BANNING SPACE-BASED WEAPONS.


The President shall direct the United States representatives to the United Nations and other international organizations to immediately work toward negotiating, adopting, and implementing a world agreement banning space-based weapons.


SEC. 5. REPORT.


The President shall submit to Congress not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and every 90 days thereafter, a report on--



(1) the implementation of the permanent ban on space-based weapons required by section 3; and



(2) progress toward negotiating, adopting, and implementing the agreement described in section 4.


SEC. 6. NON SPACE-BASED WEAPONS ACTIVITIES.


Nothing in this Act may be construed as prohibiting the use of funds for--



(1) space exploration;



(2) space research and development;



(3) testing, manufacturing, or production that is not related to space-based weapons or systems; or



(4) civil, commercial, or defense activities (including communications, navigation, surveillance, reconnaissance, early warning, or remote sensing) that are not related to space-based weapons or systems.


SEC. 7. DEFINITIONS.


In this Act:



(1) The term `space' means all space extending upward from an altitude greater than 60 kilometers above the surface of the earth and any celestial body in such space.



(2)(A) The terms `weapon' and `weapons system' mean a device capable of any of the following:




(i) Damaging or destroying an object (whether in outer space, in the atmosphere, or on earth) by--





(I) firing one or more projectiles to collide with that object;





(II) detonating one or more explosive devices in close proximity to that object;





(III) directing a source of energy (including molecular or atomic energy, subatomic particle beams, electromagnetic radiation, plasma, or extremely low frequency (ELF) or ultra low frequency (ULF) energy radiation) against that object; or





(IV) any other unacknowledged or as yet undeveloped means.




(ii) Inflicting death or injury on, or damaging or destroying, a person (or the biological life, bodily health, mental health, or physical and economic well-being of a person)--





(I) through the use of any of the means described in clause (i) or subparagraph (B);





(II) through the use of land-based, sea-based, or space-based systems using radiation, electromagnetic, psychotronic, sonic, laser, or other energies directed at individual persons or targeted populations for the purpose of information war, mood management, or mind control of such persons or populations; or





(III) by expelling chemical or biological agents in the vicinity of a person.



(B) Such terms include exotic weapons systems such as--




(i) electronic, psychotronic, or information weapons;




(ii) chemtrails;




(iii) high altitude ultra low frequency weapons systems;




(iv) plasma, electromagnetic, sonic, or ultrasonic weapons;




(v) laser weapons systems;




(vi) strategic, theater, tactical, or extraterrestrial weapons; and




(vii) chemical, biological, environmental, climate, or tectonic weapons.



(C) The term `exotic weapons systems' includes weapons designed to damage space or natural ecosystems (such as the ionosphere and upper atmosphere) or climate, weather, and tectonic systems with the purpose of inducing damage or destruction upon a target population or region on earth or in space.


----------------------
From the ENMOD Convention 1977
ADDITIONAL PROTOCOL I: BAN ON THE USE OF METHODS AND MEANS OF WARFARE
THAT DAMAGE THE ENVIRONMENT
Protocol I of 1977 additional to the Geneva Conventions of 1949 applies to international armed conflict and contains two specific provisions for the protection of the environment. These provisions are clearly complementary to the ENMOD Convention in the event of armed conflict: while the Convention prohibits deliberate modification of the environment as a means
of warfare, Additional Protocol I prohibits attacks on the environment as such, regardless of the means used. Article 35, para. 3 of Additional Protocol I prohibits the use of "methods or means of warfare which are intended, or may be expected, to cause widespread, long-term and severe damage to the natural environment". Using the same language, Article 55 aims to protect the population, whose health and survival in the event of armed conflict could be endangered by damage to the environment. The article also prohibits attacks on the natural environment by way of reprisals. The Rome Statute of 1998 incorporates some of the prohibitions contained in Additional Protocol I. For instance, the future International Criminal Court will have jurisdiction in respect of war crimes that consist in "intentionally launching an attack in the knowledge that such attack will cause incidental [...] widespread, long-term and severe damage to the natural environment which would be clearly excessive in relation to the concrete and direct overall military advantage anticipated" (Article 8, para. 2 [b, iv]).
Source: http://www.icrc.org/Web/eng/siteeng0.nsf/iwpList74/195998B28FD631C0C1256B6=6006021F5

COMPLETE FILE BELOW:

Annex 1 reference material to accompany IUCN Statement
5 The definitions are as follows: widespread: encompassing an area of several hundred square kilometres; long-lasting: lasting for a period of months, or approximately a season;
severe: involving serious or significant disruption or harm to human life, natural and economic resources or other assets. As examples, the Understandings also include a non-exhaustive list of phenomena that could result from the use of environmental modification techniques: earthquakes and
tsunamis; an upset in the ecological balance of a region; changes in weather patterns (clouds, precipitation, cyclones and tornadic storms); changes in climate patterns; changes in ocean currents; changes in the state of the ozone layer and changes in the state of the ionosphere. ADDITIONAL PROTOCOL I: BAN ON THE USE OF METHODS AND MEANS OF WARFARE
THAT DAMAGE THE ENVIRONMENT Protocol I of 1977 additional to the Geneva Conventions of 1949 applies to
international armed conflict and contains two specific provisions for the protection of the environment. These provisions
are clearly complementary to the ENMOD Convention in the event of armed conflict: while the Convention prohibits deliberate modification of the environment as a means
of warfare, Additional Protocol I prohibits attacks on the environment as such, regardless of the means used.
Article 35, para. 3 of Additional Protocol I prohibits the use of "methods or means of warfare which
are intended, or may be expected, to cause widespread, long-term and severe damage to the natural environment". Using the same language, Article 55 aims to protect the population, whose
health and survival in the event of armed conflict could be endangered by damage to the environment.
The article also prohibits attacks on the natural environment by way of reprisals. The Rome Statute of 1998 incorporates some of the prohibitions contained in Additional Protocol I. For instance, the future International Criminal Court will have jurisdiction in respect of war crimes that consist in "intentionally launching an attack in the knowledge that such attack will cause incidental [...] widespread, long-term and severe damage to the natural
environment which would be clearly excessive in relation to the concrete and direct overall military advantage anticipated" (Article 8, para. 2 [b, iv]).
Source: http://www.icrc.org/Web/eng/siteeng0.nsf/iwpList74/195998B28FD631C0C1256B6=
6 006021F5
--------------------------
Space Based Laser [SBL]

The potential to intercept and destroy a missile over enemy territory soon after launch, rather than over friendly territory, makes the development of a boost phase intercept (BPI) capability very desirable. In concert with ground based theater missile defense (TMD) systems already under development, the U.S. continues to investigate BPI concepts for BMD systems.

The SBL program could develop the technology to provide the U.S. with an advanced BMD system for both theater and national missile defense. BMDO believes that an SBL system has the potential to make other contributions to U.S. security and world security as a whole, such as inducing potential aggressors to abandon ballistic missile programs by rendering them useless. Failing that, BMDO believes that the creation of such a universal defense system would provide the impetus for other nations to expand their security agreements with the United States, bringing them under a U. S. sponsored missile defense umbrella.

An SBL platform would achieve missile interception by focusing and maintaining a high powered laser on a target until it achieves catastrophic destruction. Energy for the sustained laser burst is generated by the chemical reaction of the hydrogen fluoride (HF) molecule. The HF molecules are created in an excited state from which the subsequent optical energy is drawn by an optical resonator surrounding the gain generator.

Lasers have been studied for their usefulness in air defense since 1973, when the Mid Infrared Advanced Chemical Laser (MIRACL) was first tested against tactical missiles and drone aircraft. Work on such systems continued through the 1980s, with the Airborne Laser Laboratory, which completed the first test laser intercepts above the earth. Initial work on laser based defense systems was overseen by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), but transferred to the newly created Strategic Defense Initiative Organization (SDIO) in 1984. Work continues today under the auspices of the BMDO, the successor to the SDIO.

The SBL program builds on a broad variety of technologies developed by the SDIO in the 1980s. The work on the Large Optics Demonstration Experiment (LODE), completed in 1987, provided the means to control the beams of large, high powered lasers. The Large Advanced Mirror Program (LAMP) designed and built a 4 meter diameter space designed mirror with the required optical figure and surface quality. In 1991, the Alpha laser (2.8 mm) developed by the SDIO achieved megawatt power at the requisite operating level in a low pressure environment similar to space. Numerous Acquisition, Tracking, and Pointing/ Fire Control (ATP/ FC) experiments both completed and currently underway will provide the SBL platform with stable aimpoints. Successes in the field of ATP include advances in inertial reference, vibration isolation, and rapid retargeting/ precision pointing (R2P2). In 1995 the Space Pointing Integrated Controls Experiment offered near weapons level results during testing.

Most recently, the Alpha LAMP Integration (ALI) program has performed integrated high energy ground testing of the laser and beam expander to demonstrate the critical system elements. The next step is an integrated space vehicle ground test with a space demonstration to conclusively prove the feasibility of deploying an operational SBL system.

Future plans include orbiting the SBL Readiness Demonstrator (SBLRD) in order to test all of the systems together in their intended working environment. Designs for the SBLRD satellite call for four major subsystems: the ATP system; providing acquisition, tracking, targeting, stabilization, and assessment capabilities; the laser device, providing the optical power, and beam quality, as well as maintains nozzle efficiency; the optics and beam control systems, enhancing and focus the beam, augmenting the capabilities of the laser device; and the space systems, providing a stable platform, storage of the reactants, and furnish electrical power (but do not power the laser).

The SBLRD is intended to demonstrate the capability to perform boost phase Theater Missile Defense from space. The objectives of the space demonstration include gaining performance information critical to the development of an operational SBL system, as well as gain a general understanding of operating such a system.

BMDO and the Air Force agreed to transfer the execution of the SBLRD project and the related SBL technology developments to the Air Force. BMDO retained overarching SBL architecture responsibilities.

Alpha High Energy Laser (HEL)

Megawatt class power levels were first achieved by the Mid-Infrared Advanced Chemical Laser (MIRACL) originally sponsored by the Navy, later by DARPA, and then by BMDO. Because the design was intended for sea level operation, the MIRACL laser does not achieve the optimum efficiency necessary for space-based operation. DARPA launched the Alpha laser program, with the goal of developing a megawatt level SBL that was scaleable to more powerful weapon levels and optimized for space operation. In this design, stacked cylindrical rings of nozzles are used for reactant mixing. The gain generation assembly achieves higher power by simply stacking more rings. In 1991, the Alpha laser demonstrated megawatt class power levels similar to MIRACL, but in a low pressure, space operation environment. Alpha demonstrates that multi-megawatt, space-compatible lasers can be built and operated.

Large Advanced Mirror Program (LAMP)

To demonstrate the ability to fabricate the large mirror required by an SBL, the Large Advanced Mirror Program (LAMP) built a lightweight, segmented 4 m diameter mirror on which testing was completed in 1989. Tests verified that the surface optical figure and quality desired were achieved, and that the mirror was controlled to the required tolerances by adaptive optics adjustments. This mirror consists of a 17 mm thick facesheet bonded to fine figure actuators that are mounted on a graphite epoxy supported reaction structure. To this day, this is the largest mirror completed for use in space. This LAMP segmented design is applicable to 10 m class mirrors, and the Large Optical Segment (LOS) program has since produced a mirror segment sized for an 11 m mirror. The large dimension of this LOS mirror segment approximates the diameter of the LAMP mirror

Beam Control- Large Optics Demonstration Experiment (LODE) and ALI

The ability to control a beam was demonstrated at low power under the Large Optics Demonstration Experiment (LODE) in 1987. The current high power beam control technology is now being integrated with the Alpha laser and the LAMP mirror in a high power ground demonstration of the entire high energy laser weapon element. This is known as the Alpha-LAMP Integration (ALI) program.

Acquisition, Tracking, Pointing (ATP)

The ATP technologies required (sensors, optics, processors, etc.) have been validated through a series of component and integrated testing programs over the last decade. In 1985, the Talon Gold brassboard operated sub-scale versions of all the elements needed in the operational ATP system including separate pointing and tracking apertures, an illuminator, an inertial reference gyro system, fire control mode logic, sensors and trackers. Talon Gold achieved performance levels equivalent to that needed for the SBL. In 1991, the space-borne Relay Mirror Experiment (RME), relayed a low-power laser beam from a ground site to low-earth orbit and back down to a scoring target board at another location with greater pointing accuracy and beam stability than needed by SBL. The technology to point and control the large space structures of the SBL was validated in 1993 by the Rapid Retargeting and Precision Pointing (R2P2) program that used a hardware test bed to develop and test the large and small angle spacecraft slewing control laws and algorithms. The Space Pointing Integrated Controls Experiment (SPICE) demonstrated in 1995 near weapon scale disturbance isolation of 60-80 db and a pointing jitter reduction of 75:1. In 1998, the Phillips-Laboratory-executed High Altitude Balloon Experiment, (HABE) will demonstrate autonomous end-to-end operation of the key ATP-Fire Control (FC) functions in a realistic timeline against actual thrusting ballistic missiles. HABE will use a visible low-power marker beam as a surrogate to the megawatt HF beam and measure beam pointing accuracy, jitter and drift against a fixed aimpoint on the target.



Current SBL planning is based on a 20 satellite constellation, operating at a 40° inclination, intended to provide the optimum TMD threat negation capability. At this degree of deployment, kill times per missile will range from 1 to 10 seconds, depending on the range from the missile. Retargeting times are calculated at as low as 0.5 seconds for new targets requiring small angle changes. It is estimated that a constellation consisting of only 12 satellites can negate 94% of all missile threats in most theater threat scenarios. Thus a system consisting of 20 satellites is expected by BMDO to provide nearly full threat negation.

SBLRD Characteristics
Weight: 17,500 kg Length: 20.12 m
Diameter: 4.57 m Mirror Diameter: 4.0 m


• Hydrogen fluoride chemical energy powered laser.
• On board surveillance capabilities.
• Super reflective mirror coatings allowing for uncooled optics.
• Concurrent NMD / TMD capability.

Resources


• Space-Based Laser Project Office - AF SMC


• LASERS IN SPACE TECHNOLOGICAL OPTIONS FOR ENHANCING US MILITARY CAPABILITIES by Mark E. Rogers, Lieutenant Colonel, USAF November 1997 Occasional Paper No. 2 Center for Strategy and Technology Air War College Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama
• Lasers and Missile Defense: New Concepts for Space-based and Ground-based Laser Weapons, William H. Possel, Lt Col, USAF -- CSAT Occasional Paper No. 5 Center for Strategy and Technology Air War College, July 1998
• Laser Options for National Missile Defense Steven G. Leonard; Mark L. Devirgilio (Faculty Advisor) Air Command and Staff College 1998 - The Space Based Laser (SBL) can meet the NMD requirements. A 24 SBL satellite constellation can kill 20 Taepo Dong 2 missiles launched anywhere in the world at anytime. Each SBL satellite is projected by BMDO to weigh 17,500 kilograms. Using the Aerospace Corporation’s historical cost verses weight information, which shows that satellites average cost is roughly $50,000 per pound, the first satellite in this constellation would approach $2 billion dollars.


• SPACE BASED LASER INTEGRATED FLIGHT EXPERIMENT The U.S. Air Force contracted with an industry joint venture on February 08, 1999 for the Space Based Laser Integrated Flight Experiment (SBL IFX). The award constitutes the first increment of a Cost Plus Award Fee/Cost Plus Fixed Fee contract valued at approximately $2-3 billion once completed.


• Space Based Laser Readiness Demonstrator Acquisition Approach Space and Missile Systems Center Advanced Systems Directorate -- 01 September 1998


http://www.fas.org/spp/starwars/program/sbl.htm









No comments: